English

Definition of demand verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    demand

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//dɪˈmɑːnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈmænd//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they demand
    BrE BrE//dɪˈmɑːnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈmænd//
     
    he / she / it demands
    BrE BrE//dɪˈmɑːndz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈmændz//
     
    past simple demanded
    BrE BrE//dɪˈmɑːndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈmændɪd//
     
    past participle demanded
    BrE BrE//dɪˈmɑːndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈmændɪd//
     
    -ing form demanding
    BrE BrE//ˈmɑːndɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈmændɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  to ask for something very firmly demand something She demanded an immediate explanation. demand that… The UN has demanded that all troops be withdrawn. (British English also) They are demanding that all troops should be withdrawn. demand to do something I demand to see the manager. + speech ‘Who the hell are you?’ he demanded angrily. Synonymsdemandrequire expect insist askThese words all mean to say that somebody should do or have something.demand to ask for something very firmly; to say very firmly that somebody should have or do something:She demanded an immediate explanation.require [often passive] (rather formal) to make somebody do or have something, especially because it is necessary according to a law or set of rules or standards:All candidates will be required to take a short test.expect to demand that somebody should do, have or be something, especially because it is their duty or responsibility:I expect to be paid promptly for the work.insist to demand that something happens or that somebody agrees to do something:I didn’t want to go but he insisted. We insist on the highest standards at all times.ask to expect or demand something:You’re asking too much of him.demand, expect or ask? Ask is not as strong as demand or expect, both of which can be more like a command.Patterns to demand/​require/​expect/​ask something of/​from somebody to demand/​require/​expect/​insist/​ask that… to require/​expect/​ask somebody to do something to demand/​require/​expect/​ask a lot/​too much/​a great deal to be too much to expect/​ask Synonymsaskenquire demandThese words all mean to say or write something in the form of a question, in order to get information. ask to say or write something in the form of a question, in order to get information:‘Where are you going?’ she asked. She asked the students their names. Can I ask a question?enquire/​inquire (rather formal) to ask somebody for information:I called the station to enquire about train times.demand to ask a question very firmly:‘And where have you been?’ he demanded angrily.Patterns to ask/​enquire about/​after somebody/​something to ask/​enquire/​demand something of somebody to ask/​enquire/​demand what/​who/​how, etc. to ask/​enquire politely to ask/​enquire/​demand angrily
  2. 2  demand something to need something in order to be done successfully This sport demands both speed and strength.
  3. Word Origin Middle English (as a noun): from Old French demande (noun), demander (verb), from Latin demandare ‘hand over, entrust’ (in medieval Latin ‘demand’), from de- ‘formally’ + mandare ‘to order’.Extra examples ‘Where are the keys?’ she demanded angrily. He had demanded money from her. They failed to provide the information demanded of them. ‘And where have you been?’ he demanded angrily. ‘What’s your name?’ she demanded of the girl. High personal standards are demanded of all applicants. The group demands a high level of loyalty from its members. They demanded to see the ambassador. They’re demanding a better deal for themselves and their families. This demands commitment/​skill/​courage/​mental effort/​maturity/​respect/​honesty.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: demand