Definition of descend verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    descend

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsend//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they descend
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsend//
     
    he / she / it descends
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsendz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsendz//
     
    past simple descended
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsendɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsendɪd//
     
    past participle descended
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsendɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsendɪd//
     
    -ing form descending
    BrE BrE//dɪˈsendɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪˈsendɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[intransitive, transitive] (formal) to come or go down from a higher to a lower level The plane began to descend. The results, ranked in descending order (= from the highest to the lowest) are as follows… descend something She descended the stairs slowly. opposite ascend
  2. 2[intransitive] (formal) (of a hill, etc.) to slope downwards At this point the path descends steeply. opposite ascend
  3. 3[intransitive] (literary) (of night, darkness, a mood, etc.) to arrive and begin to affect somebody/something synonym fall Night descends quickly in the tropics. descend on/upon somebody/something Calm descended on the crowd.
  4. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French descendre, from Latin descendere, from de- ‘down’ + scandere ‘to climb’. Phrasal Verbsbe descended from somebodydescend into somethingdescend on somebodydescend to something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: descend