English

Definition of do verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    do1

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE////
     
    ; NAmE NAmE////
     
    ; BrE BrE//du//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//du//
     
    ; BrE strong form BrE//duː//
     
    ; NAmE strong form NAmE//duː//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they do
    BrE BrE//duː//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//duː//
     
    do notdon't he / she / it does
    BrE BrE//dʌz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʌz//
     
    does notdoesn't past simple did
    BrE BrE//dɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪd//
     
    did notdidn't past participle done
    BrE BrE//dʌn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʌn//
     
    -ing form doing
    BrE BrE//ˈduːɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈduːɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  [transitive] do something used to refer to actions that you do not mention by name or do not know about What are you doing this evening? We will do what we can to help. Are you doing anything tomorrow evening? The company ought to do something about the poor service. What have you done to your hair? There's nothing to do (= no means of passing the time in an enjoyable way) in this place. There's nothing we can do about it (= we can't change the situation). What can I do for you (= how can I help)?
  2. behave
  3. 2[intransitive] to act or behave in the way mentioned do as… Do as you're told! They are free to do as they please. + adv./prep. You would do well to (= I advise you to) consider all the options before buying.
  4. succeed/progress
  5. 3  [intransitive] + adv./prep. used to ask or talk about the success or progress of somebody/something How is the business doing? She did well out of (= made a big profit from) the deal. He's doing very well at school (= his work is good). Both mother and baby are doing well (= after the birth of the baby). (informal) How are you doing (= how are you)?
  6. task/activity
  7. 4  [transitive] do something to work at or perform an activity or a task I'm doing some research on the subject. I have a number of things to do today. I do aerobics once a week. Let's do (= meet for) lunch. (informal) Sorry. I don't do funny (= I can't be funny).
  8. 5[transitive] do something used with nouns to talk about tasks such as cleaning, washing, arranging, etc. to do (= wash) the dishes to do (= arrange) the flowers I like the way you've done your hair.
  9. 6[transitive] to perform the activity or task mentioned do the ironing, cooking, shopping, etc. I like listening to the radio when I'm doing the ironing. do some, a little, etc. acting, writing, etc. She did a lot of acting when she was at college. Vocabulary BuildingHousehold jobs: do or make? To talk about jobs in the home you can use such phrases as wash the dishes, clean the kitchen floor, set the table, etc. In conversation the verb do is often used instead:Let me do the dishes. Michael said he would do the kitchen floor. It’s your turn to do the table. Do is often used with nouns ending in -ing:to do the shopping/​cleaning/​ironing/​vacuuming. The verb make is used especially in the phrase make the beds and when you are talking about preparing or cooking food:He makes a great lasagne. I’ll make breakfast while you’re having a shower. You can also say get, get ready and, especially in North American English, fix for preparing meals:Can you get dinner while I put the kids to bed? Sit down—I’ll fix supper for you.
  10. job
  11. 7  [transitive] do something (usually used in questions) to work at something as a job What do you do (= what is your job)? What does she want to do when she leaves school? What did she do for a living? What's Tom doing these days?
  12. study
  13. 8[transitive] do something to learn or study something I'm doing physics, biology and chemistry. Have you done any (= studied anything by) Keats?
  14. solve
  15. 9[transitive] do something to find the answer to something; to solve something I can't do this sum. Are you good at doing crosswords?
  16. make
  17. 10  [transitive] to produce or make something do something to do a drawing/painting/sketch Does this pub do (= provide) lunches? Who's doing (= organizing and preparing) the food for the wedding reception? do something for somebody I'll do a copy for you. do somebody something I'll do you a copy. Synonymsmakedo create develop produce generate formThese words all mean to make something from parts or materials, or to cause something to exist or happen.make to create or prepare something by combining materials or putting parts together; to cause something to exist or happen:She makes her own clothes. She made a good impression on the interviewer.do (rather informal) to make or prepare something, especially something artistic or something to eat:He did a beautiful drawing of a house. Who’s doing the food for the party?create to make something exist or happen, especially something new that did not exist before:Scientists disagree about how the universe was created.make or create?Make is a more general word and is more often used for physical things: you would usually make a table/​dress/​cake but create jobs/​wealth. You can use create for something physical in order to emphasize how original or unusual the object is:Try this new dish, created by our head chef.develop (used especially in business contexts) to think of and produce a new product:to develop new softwareproduce to make things to be sold; to create something using skill:a factory that produces microchipsgenerate to produce or create something, especially power, money or ideas:to generate electricity Brainstorming is a good way of generating ideas.form [often passive] to make something from something else; to make something into something else:Rearrange the letters to form a new word. The chain is formed from 136 links.Patterns to make/​create/​develop/​produce/​generate/​form something from/​out of something to make/​form something into something to make/​produce wine to create/​develop a new product to create/​produce/​generate income/​profits/​wealth to produce/​generate electricity/​heat/​power
  18. perform
  19. 11[transitive] do something to perform or produce a play, an opera, etc. The local dramatic society is doing ‘Hamlet’ next month.
  20. copy somebody
  21. 12[transitive] do somebody/something to copy somebody’s behaviour or the way somebody speaks, sings, etc., especially in order to make people laugh He does a great Elvis Presley. Can you do a Welsh accent?
  22. finish
  23. 13[intransitive, transitive] to finish something have/be done Sit there and wait till I've done. have/be done doing something I've done talking—let's get started. get something done Did you get your article done in time?
  24. travel
  25. 14[transitive] do something to travel a particular distance How many miles did you do during your tour? My car does 40 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of petrol/gas to travel 40 miles).
  26. 15[transitive] do something to complete a journey/trip We did the round trip in two hours.
  27. speed
  28. 16[transitive] do something to travel at or reach a particular speed The car was doing 90 miles an hour.
  29. visit
  30. 17[transitive] do something (informal) to visit a place as a tourist We did Tokyo in three days.
  31. spend time
  32. 18  [transitive] do something to spend a period of time doing something She did a year at college, but then dropped out. He did six years (= in prison) for armed robbery.
  33. deal with
  34. 19[transitive] do somebody/something to deal with or attend to somebody/something The hairdresser said she could do me (= cut my hair) at three.
  35. be suitable/enough
  36. 20[intransitive, transitive] to be suitable or be enough for somebody/something ‘Can you lend me some money?’ ‘Sure—will $20 do?’ do for somebody/something These shoes won't do for the party. do as something The box will do fine as a table. do somebody (+ adv./prep.) (especially British English) This room will do me nicely, thank you (= it has everything I need).
  37. cook
  38. 21[transitive] do something to cook something How would you like your steak done?
  39. cheat
  40. 22[transitive, usually passive] do somebody (British English, informal) to cheat somebody This isn't a genuine antique—you've been done.
  41. punish
  42. 23[transitive] do somebody (for something) (British English, informal) to punish somebody They did him for tax evasion. She got done for speeding.
  43. steal
  44. 24[transitive] do something (informal) to steal from a place The gang did a warehouse and a supermarket.
  45. take drugs
  46. 25[transitive] do something (informal) to take an illegal drug He doesn't smoke, drink or do drugs.
  47. have sex
  48. 26[transitive] do it (slang) to have sex
  49. Word Origin Old English dōn, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch doen and German tun, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek tithēmi ‘I place’ and Latin facere ‘make, do’.Extra examples Both mother and baby are doing well. Do as you’re told! Do whatever you like. Does this pub do lunches? Have you done any Keats? He did a beautiful drawing of a house. He doesn’t smoke, drink or do drugs. He’s doing very well at school. How many miles did you do yesterday? I can’t do this sum. I like listening to the radio when I’m doing the ironing. I like the way you’ve done your hair. I’ll do a copy for you. I’m doing physics, chemistry and biology. I’m doing some research on the subject. Just do what they tell you to do. Let’s do lunch. My car does 40 miles to the gallon. She did well out of the deal. Sorry. I don’t do funny There’s nothing to do in this place. There’s nothing we can do about it. We did the round trip in under three hours. What can I do for you? What did she do for a living? Who’s doing the flowers for the wedding? You could help me by doing the dishes.Idioms Most idioms containing do are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example do a bunk is at bunk. 
    be/have to do with somebody/something
     
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     to be about or connected with somebody/something ‘What do you want to see me about?’ ‘It's to do with that letter you sent me.’
    have (got) something, nothing, a lot, etc. to do with somebody/something
     
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    used to talk about how much somebody/something is connected with somebody/something Her job has something to do with computers. ‘How much do you earn?’ ‘What's it got to do with you?’ Hard work has a lot to do with (= is an important reason for) her success. We don't have very much to do with our neighbours (= we do not speak to them very often). I'd have nothing to do with him, if I were you.
    (especially British English) used to say that a situation is not acceptable and should be changed or improved This is the third time you've been late this week; it simply won't do.
    not do anything/a lot/much for somebody
     
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    (informal) used to say that something does not make somebody look attractive That hairstyle doesn't do anything for her.
    (informal) used to refuse a request ‘Can you lend me ten dollars?’ ‘Nothing doing!’ (informal) used to show that you intend to stop somebody from doing something that they were going to do Sharon went to get into the taxi. ‘Oh no you don't,’ said Steve. (informal) used to show that you will not accept something any longer That does it, I'm off. I'm not having you swear at me like that. (informal) used to say that an accident, a mistake, etc. has spoiled or ruined something That's done it. You've completely broken it this time. used to order somebody to stop doing or saying something That'll do, children—you're getting far too noisy.
    what do you do for something?
     
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    used to ask how somebody manages to obtain the thing mentioned What do you do for entertainment out here?
    what is somebody/something doing…?
     
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    used to ask why somebody/something is in the place mentioned What are these shoes doing on my desk?
    Phrasal Verbsdo away with somebodydo away with somethingdo somebody downdo for somebodydo somebody indo somethingindo somebody out of somethingdo somebody overdo somethingoverdo updo somethingupdo something with somebodydo withoutdo yourself up
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: do