- 1 used before a full verb to form negative sentences and questions I don't like fish. They didn't go to Paris. Don't forget to write. Does she speak French?
- 2 used to make question tags (= short questions at the end of statements) You live in New York, don't you? She doesn't work here, does she?
- 3 used to avoid repeating a full verb He plays better than he did a year ago. She works harder than he does. ‘Who won?’ ‘I did.’ ‘I love peaches.’ ‘So do I.’ ‘I don't want to go back.’ ‘Neither do I.’
- 4used when no other auxiliary verb is present, to emphasize what you are saying He does look tired. She did at least write to say thank you. (British English) Do shut up!
- 5used to change the order of the subject and verb when an adverb is moved to the front Not only does she speak Spanish, she's also good with computers. Word Origin Old English dōn, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch doen and German tun, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek tithēmi
auxiliary verbjump to other results
BrE BrE//də//; NAmE NAmE//də//; BrE BrE//du//; NAmE NAmE//du//; BrE strong form BrE//duː//; NAmE strong form NAmE//duː//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they do
BrE BrE//duː//; NAmE NAmE//duː//do notdon't he / she / it does
BrE BrE//dʌz//; NAmE NAmE//dʌz//does notdoesn't past simple did
BrE BrE//dɪd//; NAmE NAmE//dɪd//did notdidn't past participle done
BrE BrE//dʌn//; NAmE NAmE//dʌn//-ing form doing
BrE BrE//ˈduːɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//ˈduːɪŋ//