English

Definition of enlighten verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

enlighten

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtn//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they enlighten
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtn//
 
he / she / it enlightens
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtnz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtnz//
 
past simple enlightened
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtnd//
 
past participle enlightened
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtnd//
 
-ing form enlightening
BrE BrE//ɪnˈlaɪtnɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈlaɪtnɪŋ//
 
 
jump to other results
enlighten somebody (formal) to give somebody information so that they understand something better She didn't enlighten him about her background. Word Origin Middle English (in the sense ‘make luminous’; formerly also as inlighten): in early use from Old English inlīhtan ‘to shine’; later from en-, in- (as an intensifier) + lighten ‘become brighter’ or the noun light.Extra examples A visit to her partner proved most enlightening. Her comments were both enlightening and thought-provoking. The research should be particularly enlightening about the way the virus is transmitted.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: enlighten