Definition of extraction noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    extraction

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstrækʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstrækʃn//
     
    Family background
     
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  1. 1[uncountable, countable] the act or process of removing or obtaining something from something else oil/mineral/coal, etc. extraction the extraction of salt from the sea Commercial peat extraction is destroying many threatened habitats. Methods of extraction vary from mine to mine.
  2. 2[uncountable] of… extraction (formal) having a particular family origin an American of Hungarian extraction a young American lawyer of Irish extraction See related entries: Family background
  3. 3[countable] (specialist) the removal of a tooth I didn’t like having my teeth drilled but extractions were infinitely worse.
  4. Word Origin late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin extractio(n-), from Latin extrahere ‘draw out’, from ex- ‘out’ + trahere ‘draw’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: extraction