English

Definition of farm verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

farm

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//fɑːm//
 
; NAmE NAmE//fɑːrm//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they farm
BrE BrE//fɑːm//
 
; NAmE NAmE//fɑːrm//
 
he / she / it farms
BrE BrE//fɑːmz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//fɑːrmz//
 
past simple farmed
BrE BrE//fɑːmd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//fɑːrmd//
 
past participle farmed
BrE BrE//fɑːmd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//fɑːrmd//
 
-ing form farming
BrE BrE//ˈfɑːmɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈfɑːrmɪŋ//
 
 
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  • [intransitive, transitive] to use land for growing crops and/or keeping animals The family has farmed in Kent for over two hundred years. farm something They farm dairy cattle. He farmed 200 acres of prime arable land. organically farmed produce
  • Word Origin Middle English: from Old French ferme, from medieval Latin firma ‘fixed payment’, from Latin firmare ‘fix, settle’ (in medieval Latin ‘contract for’), from firmus ‘constant, firm’; compare with firm (noun). The noun originally denoted a fixed annual amount payable as rent or tax; which later gave rise to ‘to subcontract’ (

    farm somebody/​something out to somebody.

    ). The verb sense ‘grow crops or keep livestock’ dates from the early 19th cent.
    Extra examples The land has been intensively farmed. They farm organically now. They only buy organically farmed produce.
    Idioms (North American English, informal) to die Phrasal Verbsfarm somebodyout (to somebody)farm out somebody to somebody
    See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: farm