English

Definition of forgive verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    forgive

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡɪv//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡɪv//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they forgive
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡɪv//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡɪv//
     
    he / she / it forgives
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡɪvz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡɪvz//
     
    past simple forgave
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡeɪv//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡeɪv//
     
    past participle forgiven
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡɪvn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡɪvn//
     
    -ing form forgiving
    BrE BrE//fəˈɡɪvɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//fərˈɡɪvɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] to stop feeling angry with somebody who has done something to harm, annoy or upset you; to stop feeling angry with yourself forgive somebody/yourself (for something/for doing something) I'll never forgive her for what she did. I'd never forgive myself if she heard the truth from someone else. forgive (something) I can't forgive that type of behaviour. We all have to learn to forgive. forgive somebody something She'd forgive him anything. Wordfinderamends, apologize, ashamed, embarrassed, forgive, regret, remorse, repent, sorry, sympathy
  2. 2  [transitive] used to say in a polite way that you are sorry if what you are doing or saying seems rude or silly forgive me Forgive me, but I don't see that any of this concerns me. forgive me for doing something Forgive me for interrupting, but I really don't agree with that. forgive my… Forgive my ignorance, but what exactly does the company do? forgive my doing something Forgive my interrupting but I really don't agree with that.
  3. 3[transitive] forgive (somebody) something (formal) (of a bank, country, etc.) to say that somebody does not need to pay back money that they have borrowed The government has agreed to forgive a large part of the debt.
  4. Word Origin Old English forgiefan, of Germanic origin, related to Dutch vergeven and German vergeben, and ultimately to for- and give.Extra examples Can you ever forgive me? Donna would not easily forgive Beth’s silly attempt to trick her. He fell to his knees and begged God to forgive him. He was not the sort of man to forgive and forget. I couldn’t forgive him. I suspect that Rodney has never quite forgiven either of them. She never forgave him for losing her ring. An insult like that isn’t easy to forgive. Forgive me for interrupting, but I really don’t agree with that. Forgive me, but I don’t see that any of this concerns me. I can’t forgive that type of behaviour. I know what he did was wrong but don’t you think it’s time to forgive and forget. I’d never forgive myself if she heard the truth from someone else. I’ll never forgive her for what she did. She’d forgive him anything.Idioms
    somebody could/might be forgiven for doing something
     
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    used to say that it is easy to understand why somebody does or thinks something, although they are wrong Looking at the crowds out shopping, you could be forgiven for thinking that everyone has plenty of money.
    to stop feeling angry with somebody for something they have done to you and to behave as if it had not happened I know what he did was wrong but don’t you think it’s time to forgive and forget? More Like This Alliteration in idioms belt and braces, black and blue, born and bred, chalk and cheese, chop and change, done and dusted, down and dirty, in dribs and drabs, eat somebody out of house and home, facts and figures, fast and furious, first and foremost, forgive and forget, hale and hearty, hem and haw, kith and kin, mix and match, part and parcel, puff and pant, to rack and ruin, rant and rave, risk life and limb, short and sweet, signed and sealed, spic and span, through thick and thin, this and that, top and tail, tried and tested, wax and waneSee worksheet.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: forgive

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