Definition of garbage noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈɡɑːbɪdʒ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡɑːrbɪdʒ//
    [uncountable] Waste and pollution, Stupid
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  1. 1  (especially North American English) waste food, paper, etc. that you throw away garbage collection Don't forget to take out the garbage. CollocationsThe environmentEnvironmental damage cause/​contribute to climate change/​global warming produce pollution/​CO2/greenhouse (gas) emissions damage/​destroy the environment/​a marine ecosystem/​the ozone layer/​coral reefs degrade ecosystems/​habitats/​the environment harm the environment/​wildlife/​marine life threaten natural habitats/​coastal ecosystems/​a species with extinction deplete natural resources/​the ozone layer pollute rivers and lakes/​waterways/​the air/​the atmosphere/​the environment/​oceans contaminate groundwater/​the soil/​food/​crops log forests/​rainforests/​treesProtecting the environment address/​combat/​tackle the threat/​effects/​impact of climate change fight/​take action on/​reduce/​stop global warming limit/​curb/​control air/​water/​atmospheric/​environmental pollution cut/​reduce pollution/​greenhouse gas emissions offset carbon/​CO2 emissions reduce (the size of) your carbon footprint achieve/​promote sustainable development preserve/​conserve biodiversity/​natural resources protect endangered species/​a coastal ecosystem prevent/​stop soil erosion/​overfishing/​massive deforestation/​damage to ecosystems raise awareness of environmental issues save the planet/​the rainforests/​an endangered speciesEnergy and resources conserve/​save/​consume/​waste energy manage/​exploit/​be rich in natural resources dump/​dispose of hazardous/​toxic/​nuclear waste dispose of/​throw away litter/(especially British English) rubbish/(especially North American English) garbage/(North American English) trash/​sewage use/​be made from recycled/​recyclable/​biodegradable material recycle bottles/​packaging/​paper/​plastic/​waste promote/​encourage recycling/​sustainable development/​the use of renewable energy develop/​invest in/​promote renewable energy reduce your dependence/​reliance on fossil fuels get/​obtain/​generate/​produce electricity from wind, solar and wave power/​renewable sources build/​develop a (50-megawatt/​offshore) wind farm install/​be fitted with/​be powered by solar panels See related entries: Waste and pollution
  2. 2  (especially North American English) a place or container where waste food, paper, etc. can be placed Throw it in the garbage.
  3. 3  (informal) something stupid or not true synonym rubbish ‘You mean you believe all that garbage?’ he said. See related entries: Stupid
  4. Word Originlate Middle English (in the sense ‘offal’): from Anglo-Norman French, of unknown ultimate origin. British/​Americanrubbish / garbage / trash / refuse Rubbish is the usual word in British English for the things that you throw away because you no longer want or need them. Garbage and trash are both used in North American English. Inside the home, garbage tends to mean waste food and other wet material, while trash is paper, cardboard and dry material. In British English, you put your rubbish in a dustbin in the street to be collected by the dustmen. In North American English, your garbage and trash goes in a garbage can/​trashcan in the street and is collected by garbage men/​collectors. Refuse is a formal word and is used in both British English and North American English. Refuse collector is the formal word for a dustman or garbage collector.Extra examples During the crisis, garbage was not collected. His ideas were discarded like worthless garbage. I put the broken glass in the garbage can. It’s mostly the same old garbage. Someone just dumped their garbage into my backyard. The second series was a piece of garbage. There was garbage strewn around everywhere. This movie is pure garbage. We picked up all the garbage we could find. Don’t believe all that garbage the government tells you. She just watches garbage on TV all day. That’s complete garbage! The canal is full of garbage and bits of wood. The garbage cans had just been emptied. There was a lot of garbage reported about me in the newspapers. You could see the rats moving about on the garbage dump.Idioms
    garbage in, garbage out
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    (abbreviation GIGO) used to express the idea that if wrong or poor quality data is put into a computer, wrong or poor quality data will come out of it
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: garbage