Definition of gradient noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    gradient

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈɡreɪdiənt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡreɪdiənt//
     
    Features of roads, Railway tracks and stations
     
    jump to other results
  1. 1(also grade especially in North American English) the degree to which the ground slopes, especially on a road or railway a steep gradient a hill with a gradient of 1 in 4 (or 25%) See related entries: Features of roads, Railway tracks and stations
  2. 2(specialist) the rate at which temperature, pressure, etc. changes, or increases and decreases, between one region and another
  3. Word Origin mid 19th cent.: from grade, on the pattern of salient.Extra examples The field was on a slight gradient. The road has a fairly steep gradient. The hill has a gradient of 1 in 4 (or 25%). The line here is on a steep gradient climbing towards Merstham Tunnel.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: gradient