English

Definition of hard adverb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    hard

     adverb
    adverb
    BrE BrE//hɑːd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//hɑːrd//
     
    (harder, hardest)
     
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    with effort
  1. 1  with great effort; with difficulty to work hard You must try harder. She tried her hardest not to show how disappointed she was. Don't hit it so hard! He was still breathing hard after his run. Our victory was hard won (= won with great difficulty).
  2. with force
  3. 2  with great force (figurative) Small businesses have been hit hard/hard hit by the recession.
  4. carefully
  5. 3  very carefully and thoroughly to think hard We thought long and hard before deciding to move house.
  6. a lot
  7. 4heavily; a lot or for a long time It was raining hard when we set off. Which Word?hard / hardly The adverb from the adjective hard is hard:I have to work hard today. She has thought very hard about her future plans. It was raining hard outside. Hardly is an adverb meaning ‘almost not’:I hardly ever go to concerts. I can hardly wait for my birthday. It cannot be used instead of hard:I’ve been working hardly today. She has thought very hardly about her future plans. It was raining hardly outside. note at hardly
  8. left/right
  9. 5at a sharp angle to the left/right Turn hard right at the next junction.
  10. Word Origin Old English hard, heard, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hard and German hart.Extra examples Crosby is fighting hard to keep his job. He had studied hard to become an engineer. I trained as hard as I could. She tried her hardest not to show her disappointment. The industry has been lobbying hard for cuts in electricity pricing. They prayed hard for rain. They work hard at school. You must try harder.Idioms (informal) to be or feel unfairly treated She has every right to feel hard done by—her parents have given her nothing.
    be hard pressed/pushed to do something, be hard put (to it) to do something
     
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    to find it very difficult to do something He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.
    be hard up for something
     
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    to have too few or too little of something We're hard up for ideas. see also hard up
    very soon after His death followed hard on hers.
    old habits, traditions, etc. die hard
     
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    used to say that things change very slowly
    (hard/hot) on somebody’s/something’s heels
     
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    very close behind somebody/something; very soon after something News of rising unemployment followed hard on the heels of falling export figures. He ran ahead, with the others hot on his heels
    to be very upset by something He took his wife's death very hard.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: hard