(1930-2008) an English writer of plays who had a major influence on modern British theatre. His characters were often ordinary, unimportant people who found it difficult to communicate properly with each other, and his plays combined humour with an atmosphere of danger and unhappiness. The word Pinteresque is sometimes used to describe these qualities. Pinter's best-known plays include The Birthday Party (1958), The Caretaker (1960), The Homecoming (1965), Old Times (1971), No Man's Land (1975) and Betrayal (1978). He also wrote many film scripts, including those for The Go-Between (1969), The French Lieutenant's Woman (1982) and The Comfort of Strangers (1983). Pinter also worked as an actor and director and was a campaigner against war and human rights abuses. He was given the Nobel Prize for literature in 2005.