Definition of hostility noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//hɒˈstɪləti//
    ; NAmE NAmE//hɑːˈstɪləti//
    Anger, Conflict
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  1. 1[uncountable] unfriendly or aggressive feelings or behaviour hostility (to/towards somebody/something) feelings of hostility towards people from other backgrounds hostility (between A and B) There was open hostility between the two schools. See related entries: Anger
  2. 2[uncountable] hostility (to/towards something) strong and angry opposition towards an idea, a plan or a situation public hostility to nuclear power See related entries: Anger
  3. 3hostilities [plural] (formal) acts of fighting in a war the start/outbreak of hostilities between the two sides a cessation of hostilities (= an end to fighting) CollocationsWar and peaceStarting a war declare/​make/​wage war (on somebody/​something) go to war (against/​with somebody) cause/​spark/​provoke/​foment/​quell unrest incite/​lead/​crush/​suppress a revolt/​rebellion launch/​mount/​carry out a surprise/​terrorist attack prevent/​halt/​represent an escalation of the conflict be torn apart by/​be on the brink of civil war enter/​invade/​occupy somebody’s territory lead/​launch/​resist/​repel an invasionMilitary operations adopt/​develop/​implement/​pursue a military strategy carry out/​execute/​perform military operations/​manoeuvres/(especially US English) maneuvers send/​deploy/​station/​pull back/​withdraw troops go on/​fly/​carry out a reconnaissance/​rescue mission train/​equip/​deploy army/​military/​combat units lead/​launch/​conduct a raid/​a surprise attack/​an (air/​airborne/​amphibious) assault (on somebody) employ/​use guerrilla tactics conduct/​wage biological/​guerrilla warfare fight/​crush/​defeat the rebels/​the insurgency suffer/​inflict a crushing defeat achieve/​win a decisive victory halt/​stop the British/​German/​Russian advance order/​force a retreatFighting join/​serve in the army/​navy/​air force be/​go/​remain/​serve on active duty serve/​complete/​return from a tour of duty be sent to the front (line) attack/​strike/​engage/​defeat/​kill/​destroy the enemy see/​report/​be engaged in heavy fighting call for/​be met with armed resistance come under heavy/​machine-gun/​mortar fire fire a machine-gun/​mortar shells/​rockets (at somebody/​something) shoot a rifle/​a pistol/​bullets/​missiles launch/​fire a cruise/​ballistic/​anti-tank missile use biological/​chemical/​nuclear weapons inflict/​suffer/​sustain heavy losses/​casualties be hit/​killed by enemy/​friendly/​artillery fire become/​be held as a prisoner of warCivilians in war harm/​kill/​target/​protect innocent/​unarmed civilians cause/​avoid/​limit/​minimize civilian casualties/​collateral damage impose/​enforce/​lift a curfew engage in/​be a victim of ethnic cleansing be sent to an internment/​a concentration camp accept/​house/​resettle refugees fleeing from war fear/​threaten military/​violent reprisals commit/​be accused of war crimes/​crimes against humanity/​genocideMaking peace make/​bring/​win/​achieve/​maintain/​promote peace call for/​negotiate/​broker/​declare a ceasefire/​a temporary truce sign a ceasefire agreement call for/​bring/​put an end to hostilities demand/​negotiate/​accept the surrender of somebody/​something establish/​send (in) a peacekeeping force negotiate/​conclude/​ratify/​sign/​accept/​reject/​break/​violate a peace treaty See related entries: Conflict
  4. Word Originlate Middle English: from French hostilité or late Latin hostilitas, from Latin hostilis, from hostis ‘stranger, enemy’.Extra examples Hostilities broke out between the two provinces later that year. Hostilities were resumed later that year. Mixed-race couples faced open hostility. On the 11th of November 1918 hostilities ceased. Such a move might arouse public hostility. The prime minister was concerned that such a move would arouse public hostility. The proposal was met with outright hostility. There was a barely veiled hostility in her tone. You could almost feel the hostility between her and her mother. the beginning of hostilities against Germany in 1914 the bitter hostility towards the occupying forces the deep hostility felt by many teenagers against the police the official cessation of hostilities against Japan the widespread popular hostility to the war The talk lasted well over an hour and he sensed a growing hostility from his audience. There is still considerable public hostility towards nuclear power.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: hostility