English

Definition of include verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    include

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːd//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they include
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːd//
     
    he / she / it includes
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːdz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːdz//
     
    past simple included
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːdɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːdɪd//
     
    past participle included
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːdɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːdɪd//
     
    past simple including
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ//
     
    past participle including
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  (not used in the progressive tenses) if one thing includes another, it has the second thing as one of its parts include something The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. Does the price include tax? include doing something Your duties include typing letters and answering the telephone.
  2. 2  to make somebody/something part of something include somebody/something (as/in/on something) You should include some examples in your essay. We all went, me included. include somebody/something as something Representatives from the country were included as observers at the conference. opposite exclude
  3. Word Origin late Middle English (also in the sense ‘shut in’): from Latin includere, from in- ‘into’ + claudere ‘to shut’.Extra examples Helpers at the event included students from a local school, as well as their parents. Quite a few members are worried and I include myself among them. We all went, me included. Your duties will include typing letters and answering the phone.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: include