English

Definition of injure verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    injure

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒər//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they injure
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒər//
     
    he / she / it injures
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒəz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒərz//
     
    past simple injured
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒərd//
     
    past participle injured
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒərd//
     
    -ing form injuring
    BrE BrE//ˈɪndʒərɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɪndʒərɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  injure somebody/something/yourself to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident He injured his knee playing hockey. Three people were killed and five injured in the crash. She injured herself during training. Synonymsinjurewound hurt bruise sprain pull strainThese words all mean to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident.injure to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident:He injured his knee playing hockey. Three people were injured in the crash.wound [often passive] (rather formal) to injure part of the body, especially by making a hole in the skin using a weapon:50 people were seriously wounded in the attack. Wound is often used to talk about people being hurt in war or in other attacks which affect a lot of people.hurt to cause physical pain to somebody/​yourself; to injure somebody/​yourself:Did you hurt yourself?injure or hurt?You can hurt or injure a part of the body in an accident. Hurt emphasizes the physical pain caused; injure emphasizes that the part of the body has been damaged in some way.bruise to make a blue, brown or purple mark (= a bruise) appear on the skin after somebody has fallen or been hit; to develop a bruisesprain to injure part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist or knee, by suddenly bending it in an awkward way, causing pain and swellingpull to damage a muscle, etc, by using too much forcestrain to injure yourself or part of your body by making it work too hard:Don’t strain your eyes by reading in poor light.Patterns to injure/​hurt/​strain yourself to injure/​hurt/​sprain/​pull/​strain a muscle to injure/​hurt/​sprain your ankle/​foot/​knee/​wrist/​hand to injure/​hurt/​strain your back/​shoulder/​eyes to injure/​hurt your spine/​neck to be badly/​severely/​slightly injured/​wounded/​hurt/​bruised/​sprained Wordfinderaccident, ambulance, casualty, first aid, hospital, injure, paramedic, stretcher, victim, witness CollocationsInjuriesBeing injured have a fall/​an injury receive/​suffer/​sustain a serious injury/​a hairline fracture/(especially British English) whiplash/​a gunshot wound hurt/​injure your ankle/​back/​leg damage the brain/​an ankle ligament/​your liver/​the optic nerve/​the skin pull/​strain/​tear a hamstring/​ligament/​muscle/​tendon sprain/​twist your ankle/​wrist break a bone/​your collarbone/​your leg/​three ribs fracture/​crack your skull break/​chip/​knock out/​lose a tooth burst/​perforate your eardrum dislocate your finger/​hip/​jaw/​shoulder bruise/​cut/​graze your arm/​knee/​shoulder burn/​scald yourself/​your tongue bang/​bump/​hit/ (informal) bash your elbow/​head/​knee (on/​against something)Treating injuries treat somebody for burns/​a head injury/​a stab wound examine/​clean/​dress/​bandage/​treat a bullet wound repair a damaged/​torn ligament/​tendon/​cartilage amputate/​cut off an arm/​a finger/​a foot/​a leg/​a limb put on/ (formal) apply/​take off (especially North American English) a Band-Aid™/(British English) a plaster/​a bandage need/​require/​put in/ (especially British English) have (out)/ (North American English) get (out) stitches put on/​rub on/ (formal) apply cream/​ointment/​lotion have/​receive/​undergo (British English) physiotherapy/(North American English) physical therapy
  2. 2  injure something to damage somebody’s reputation, pride, etc. This could seriously injure the company's reputation.
  3. Word Origin late Middle English: back-formation from injury.Extra examples espionage activity which was likely to injure the national interest insurance to cover you in case one of your employees accidentally injures someone This could seriously injure the company’s reputation.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: injure