English

Definition of jump verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    jump

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//dʒʌmp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒʌmp//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they jump
    BrE BrE//dʒʌmp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒʌmp//
     
    he / she / it jumps
    BrE BrE//dʒʌmps//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒʌmps//
     
    past simple jumped
    BrE BrE//dʒʌmpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒʌmpt//
     
    past participle jumped
    BrE BrE//dʒʌmpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒʌmpt//
     
    -ing form jumping
    BrE BrE//ˈdʒʌmpɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈdʒʌmpɪŋ//
     
    Train and bus travel, Surprise, Fear, Equine sports
     
    jump to other results
    move off/to ground
  1. 1  [intransitive] to move quickly off the ground or away from a surface by pushing yourself with your legs and feet ‘Quick, jump!’ he shouted. + adv./prep. to jump into the air/over a wall/into the water The children were jumping up and down with excitement. She jumped down from the chair. The pilot jumped from the burning plane (= with a parachute). + noun She has jumped 2.2 metres.
  2. pass over something
  3. 2  [transitive] to pass over something by jumping jump something Can you jump that gate? His horse fell as it jumped the last hurdle. jump something + adv./prep. I jumped my horse over all the fences. See related entries: Equine sports
  4. synonym leap
    move quickly
  5. 3  [intransitive] + adv./prep. to move quickly and suddenly He jumped to his feet when they called his name. She jumped up and ran out of the room. Do you want a ride? Jump in.
  6. 4  [intransitive] to make a sudden movement because of surprise, fear or excitement A loud bang made me jump. Her heart jumped when she heard the news. See related entries: Surprise, Fear
  7. increase
  8. 5  [intransitive] to rise suddenly by a large amount synonym leap jump by… Prices jumped by 60% last year. jump (from…) (to…) Sales jumped from $2.7 billion to $3.5 billion.
  9. change suddenly
  10. 6  [intransitive] jump (about/around) (from something to something) to change suddenly from one subject to another I couldn't follow the talk because he kept jumping about from one topic to another. The story then jumps from her childhood in New York to her first visit to London.
  11. leave out
  12. 7[transitive] jump something to leave out something and pass to a further point or stage You seem to have jumped several steps in the argument.
  13. of machine/device
  14. 8[intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to move suddenly and unexpectedly, especially out of the correct position The needle jumped across the dial. The film jumped during projection.
  15. attack
  16. 9[transitive, intransitive] jump (on) somebody (informal) to attack somebody suddenly The thieves jumped him in a dark alleyway.
  17. vehicle
  18. 10[transitive] jump something (North American English) to get on a vehicle very quickly to jump a bus See related entries: Train and bus travel
  19. 11(North American English) = jump-start
  20. be lively
  21. 12be jumping [intransitive] (informal) to be very lively The bar's jumping tonight.
  22. Word Origin early 16th cent. (in the sense ‘be moved or thrown with a sudden jerk’): probably imitative of the sound of feet coming into contact with the ground.Extra examples Can you jump over that fence? He almost jumped in surprise. He crept up behind me and made me jump. He had to jump from a first floor window. He tried to jump back on board. He was jumping up and down with excitement. I nearly jumped out of my skin when he told me. Profits jumped by 15 per cent during the year. Shares jumped 2p to 222p. She jumped slightly at the sound of the bell. She jumped up onto the table. She practically jumped out of bed. Stop jumping on the furniture! The movie then jumps ahead to twenty years in the future. There was a loud bang that made me jump. They all jumped for joy and hugged each other. When she heard the news she immediately jumped on a plane to France. ‘Quick! Jump!’ she shouted. He can jump over two metres. He jumped high into the air. He jumped the stream and carried on up the hill. Her horse fell as it jumped the last fence. I held my nose and jumped into the water. I jumped into bed and pulled the covers right over me. I tried to get him to jump but he wouldn’t. Jump in and I’ll give you a lift. Prices jumped by 60 % last year. She nearly jumped out of her skin when she saw me. The dog kept jumping up at me. The pilot jumped from the burning plane.Idioms (informal) to be very angry or excited about something The local residents are jumping up and down complaining about the noise. See related entries: Excitement
    climb/jump on the bandwagon
     
    jump to other results
    (informal, disapproving) to join others in doing something that is becoming fashionable because you hope to become popular or successful yourself politicians eager to jump on the environmental bandwagon In the US, political parades often included a band on a wagon. Political leaders would join them in the hope of winning popular support.
    jump down somebody’s throat
     
    jump to other results
    (informal) to react very angrily to somebody
    to do something too soon, before the right time
    jump the lights (British English) (also run a (red) light, run the lights North American English, British English)
     
    jump to other results
    (informal) to fail to stop at a red traffic light See related entries: Motoring problems and accidents
    (informal) to move violently because of a sudden shock
    jump the queue (British English) (US English jump the line)
     
    jump to other results
    to go to the front of a line of people without waiting for your turn
    (of a train) to leave the rails suddenly (used especially about a television series, etc.) to include something that is very hard to believe as an attempt to keep people watching Has the show finally jumped the shark?
    1. 1to leave the ship on which you are serving, without permission See related entries: Travelling by boat or ship
    2. 2to leave an organization that you belong to, suddenly and unexpectedly
    to do something difficult or complicated in order to achieve something
    jump/be thrown in at the deep end
     
    jump to other results
    (informal) to start or be made to start a new and difficult activity that you are not prepared for Junior hospital doctors are thrown in at the deep end in their first jobs.
    jump/leap to conclusions, jump/leap to the conclusion that…
     
    jump to other results
    to make a decision about somebody/something too quickly, before you know or have thought about all the facts There I go again—jumping to conclusions.
    jump to it (North American English also hop to it)
     
    jump to other results
    (informal) used to tell somebody to hurry and do something quickly
    Phrasal Verbsjump at somebodyjump at somethingjump injump on somebodyjump out at somebody
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: jump