Definition of medicine noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈmedsn//
    , BrE//ˈmedɪsn//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈmedɪsn//
    Medical equipment, Medication
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  1. 1   [uncountable] the study and treatment of diseases and injuries advances in modern medicine to study/practise medicine traditional/conventional/orthodox medicine alternative medicine see also Ayurvedic medicine, defensive medicine
  2. 2  [uncountable, countable] a substance, especially a liquid that you drink or swallow in order to cure an illness Did you take your medicine? cough medicine Chinese herbal medicines Wordfindercure, doctor, examine, medicine, patient, practice, prescribe, receptionist, specialist, surgeon Wordfinderacute, condition, health, medicine, outbreak, pain, recover, relapse, terminal, treatment CollocationsIllnessesBecoming ill catch a cold/​an infectious disease/​the flu/(British English) flu/​pneumonia/​a virus/(informal) a bug get (British English) ill/(North American English) sick/​a disease/​AIDS/​breast cancer/​a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine come down with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu contract a deadly disease/​a serious illness/​HIV/​AIDS be infected with a virus/​a parasite/​HIV develop cancer/​diabetes/​a rash/​an ulcer/​symptoms of hepatitis have a heart attack/​a stroke provoke/​trigger/​produce an allergic reaction block/​burst/​rupture a blood vessel damage/​sever a nerve/​an artery/​a tendonBeing ill feel (British English) ill/​sick/​nauseous/​queasy be running (British English) a temperature/(North American English) a fever have a head cold/​diabetes/​heart disease/​lung cancer/​a headache/(British English) a high temperature/(North American English) a fever suffer from asthma/​malnutrition/​frequent headaches/​bouts of depression/​a mental disorder be laid up with/ (British English) be in bed with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine nurse a cold/​a headache/​a hangover battle/​fight cancer/​depression/​addiction/​alcoholismTreatments examine a patient diagnose a condition/​disease/​disorder be diagnosed with cancer/​diabetes/​schizophrenia prescribe/​be given/​be on/​take drugs/​medicine/​medication/​pills/​painkillers/​antibiotics treat somebody for cancer/​depression/​shock have/​undergo an examination/​an operation/​surgery/​a kidney transplant/​therapy/​chemotherapy/​treatment for cancer have/​be given an injection/(British English) a flu jab/(North American English) a flu shot/​a blood transfusion/​a scan/​an X-ray cure a disease/​an ailment/​cancer/​a headache/​a patient prevent the spread of disease/​further outbreaks/​damage to the lungs be vaccinated against the flu/(British English) flu/​the measles/(British English) measles/​polio/​smallpox enhance/​boost/​confer/​build immunity to a disease Wordfinderadminister, capsule, dispense, dose, ill, inhaler, medicine, medication, pharmacy, placebo See related entries: Medical equipment, Medication
  3. Word OriginMiddle English: via Old French from Latin medicina, from medicus ‘physician’.Extra examples She believed private medicine was a threat to the existence of the National Health Service. She gave up general medicine to specialize in geriatric medicine. a bottle of cough medicine medicine for a chest infection people practising alternative medicine qualified in traditional Chinese medicine Food and medicines are being airlifted to the flood-hit area. Have you taken your medicine? She gave me a dose of cough medicine. She went on to practise medicine after completing her studies. Supplies of medicine are hard to get hold of during times of war. Which branch of medicine are you going to train in?Idioms the best way of improving a situation, especially of making you feel happier Laughter is the best medicine.
    a taste/dose of your own medicine
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    the same bad treatment that you have given to others Let the bully have a taste of his own medicine.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: medicine