Definition of mercerize verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

mercerize

 verb
(British English also -ise)verb
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪz//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they mercerize
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪz//
 
he / she / it mercerizes
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪzɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪzɪz//
 
past simple mercerized
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪzd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪzd//
 
past participle mercerized
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪzd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪzd//
 
-ing form mercerizing
BrE BrE//ˈmɜːsəraɪzɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈmɜːrsəraɪzɪŋ//
 
 
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mercerize something to treat cotton cloth or thread with a chemical to make it stronger and more shiny Word Origin mid 19th cent.: from the name of John Mercer (died 1866), said to have invented the process + -ize.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: mercerize