English

Definition of might modal verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    might

     modal verb
    modal verb
    BrE BrE//maɪt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//maɪt//
     
    Verb Formsmight notmightn't
    BrE BrE//ˈmaɪtnt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈmaɪtnt//
     
     
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  1. 1  used as the past tense of may when reporting what somebody has said He said he might come tomorrow.
  2. 2  used when showing that something is or was possible He might get there in time, but I can't be sure. I know Vicky doesn't like the job, but I mightn't find it too bad. The pills might have helped him, if only he'd taken them regularly. He might say that now (= it is true that he does), but he can soon change his mind.
  3. 3  used to make a polite suggestion You might try calling the help desk. I thought we might go to the zoo on Saturday.
  4. 4  (British English) used to ask permission politely Might I use your phone? If I might just say something…
  5. 5(formal) used to ask for information How might the plans be improved upon? And who might she be?
  6. 6used to show that you are annoyed about something that somebody could do or could have done I think you might at least offer to help! Honestly, you might have told me!
  7. 7used to say that you are not surprised by something I might have guessed it was you!
  8. 8used to emphasize that an important point has been made ‘And where is the money coming from?’ ‘You might well ask!’ Grammar Pointmodal verbs The modal verbs are can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will and would. Dare, need, have to and used to also share some of the features of modal verbs. Modal verbs have only one form. They have no -ing or -ed forms and do not add -s to the 3rd person singular form:He can speak three languages. She will try and visit tomorrow. Modal verbs are followed by the infinitive of another verb without to. The exceptions are ought to, have to and used to:You must find a job. You ought to stop smoking. I used to smoke but I gave up two years ago. Questions are formed without do/does in the present, or did in the past:Can I invite Mary? Should I have invited Mary? Negative sentences are formed with not or the short form -n’t and do not use do/does or did.You will find more help with how to use modal verbs at the dictionary entries for each verb.
  9. Idioms
    (you, etc.) may/might as well be hanged/hung for a sheep as (for) a lamb
     
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    (saying) if you are going to be punished for doing something wrong, whether it is a big or small thing, you may as well do the big thing
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: might