Definition of much adverb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



BrE BrE//mʌtʃ//
; NAmE NAmE//mʌtʃ//
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  •  (more, most) to a great degree Thank you very much for the flowers. I would very much like to see you again. He isn't in the office much (= often). You worry too much. My new job is much the same as the old one. Much to her surprise he came back the next day. She's much better today. The other one was much too expensive. Nikolai's English was much the worst. We are very much aware of the lack of food supplies. I'm not much good at tennis. He was much loved by all who knew him. an appeal to raise much-needed cash Grammar Pointmuch / a lot of / lots of Much is used only with uncountable nouns. It is used mainly in questions and negative sentences:Do you have much free time? How much experience have you had? I don’t have much free time. In statements a lot of or lots of (informal) is much more common:‘How much (money) does she earn? She earns a lot of money. You can also use plenty (of). These phrases can also be used in questions and negative sentences. A lot of/​lots of is still felt to be informal, especially in British English, so in formal writing it is better to use much, a great deal of or a large amount of. Very much and a lot can be used as adverbs:I miss my family very much. I miss very much my family. I miss my family a lot. Thanks a lot. In negative sentences you can use much:I didn’t enjoy the film (very) much.
  • Word OriginMiddle English: shortened from muchel, from Old English micel ‘great, numerous, much’, of Germanic origin; from an Indo-European root shared by Greek megas, megal-.Idioms and certainly not No explanation was offered, still less an apology. He’s too shy to ask a stranger the time, much less speak to a room full of people. although Much as I would like to stay, I really must go home.
    See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: much