English

Definition of Newgate from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

Newgate

 
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
(also Newgate prison
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
, Newgate gaol
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
)
 
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a prison in London which was first built in the 12th century on land where the Old Bailey now stands. It was rebuilt several times before it was finally destroyed in 1902. In the 18th century it became famous for the very bad conditions in which the prisoners were kept. It is mentioned in many 18th- and 19th- century novels.