Definition of pain verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

pain

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//peɪn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//peɪn//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they pain
BrE BrE//peɪn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//peɪn//
 
he / she / it pains
BrE BrE//peɪnz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//peɪnz//
 
past simple pained
BrE BrE//peɪnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//peɪnd//
 
past participle pained
BrE BrE//peɪnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//peɪnd//
 
past simple paining
BrE BrE//ˈpeɪnɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈpeɪnɪŋ//
 
past participle paining
BrE BrE//ˈpeɪnɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈpeɪnɪŋ//
 
 
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(not used in the progressive tenses) (formal) to cause somebody pain or make them unhappy synonym hurt pain somebody She was deeply pained by the accusation. (old use) The wound still pained him occasionally. it pains somebody to do something It pains me to see you like this. it pains somebody that… It pained him that she would not acknowledge him. Word Origin Middle English (in the sense ‘suffering inflicted as punishment for an offence’): from Old French peine, from Latin poena ‘penalty’, later ‘pain’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: pain