a member of a Native American people many of whom live in the south-western US Culture There are now only about 4 000 Paiute and they live mostly on reservations (= land given and protected by the US government) in Nevada, California, Utah and Arizona. They began the Ghost Dance and its religion. In earlier times the northern Paiutes attacked white people who settled in their areas. The southern Paiutes were called Digger Indians because they ate roots. Word Originfrom Spanish Payuchi, Payuta, influenced by Ute.