a member of a Native American people, many of whom live in the US state of Oklahoma Culture Only about 2 500 Pawnee survive. They originally lived on the Great Plains of Kansas and Nebraska as farmers who also hunted buffalo. They helped white people who came into their land, and often fought the Sioux. The Pawnee were moved to a reservation in 1876. Word Originfrom Canadian French Pani, from a North American Indian language.