Definition of penalize verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    (British English also -ise) verb
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪz//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they penalize
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪz//
    he / she / it penalizes
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzɪz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzɪz//
    past simple penalized
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzd//
    past participle penalized
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzd//
    -ing form penalizing
    BrE BrE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpiːnəlaɪzɪŋ//
    Types of punishment
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  1. 1penalize somebody (for something) to punish somebody for breaking a rule or law by making them suffer a disadvantage You will be penalized for poor spelling. See related entries: Types of punishment
  2. 2to punish somebody for breaking a rule in a sport or game by giving an advantage to their opponent penalize somebody (for something) He was penalized for time-wasting. penalize something Foul play will be severely penalized.
  3. 3penalize somebody to put somebody at a disadvantage by treating them unfairly The new law appears to penalize the poorest members of society. He felt penalized because of his age.
  4. Extra examples He claims that he was unfairly penalized. Students will be penalized for mistakes in spelling and grammar. It is wrong for women to be financially penalized when they have children. The goalkeeper was penalized for time-wasting. The law is designed to reward those who conserve and penalize those who pollute. Under the tax, each adult in the household had to pay, which penalized larger families. Will he be penalized for absence due to ill health?
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: penalize