Definition of present adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    present

     adjective
    adjective
    BrE BrE//ˈpreznt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpreznt//
     
     
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  1. 1  [only before noun] existing or happening now in the present situation the present owner of the house a list of all club members, past and present We do not have any more information at the present time. A few brief comments are sufficient for present purposes. You can’t use it in its present condition. Which Word?actual / current / present Actual does not mean current or present. It means ‘real’ or ‘exact’, and is often used in contrast with something that is not seen as real or exact:I need the actual figures, not an estimate. Present means ‘existing or happening now’:How long have you been in your present job? Current also means ‘existing or happening now’, but can suggest that the situation is temporary:The factory cannot continue its current level of production. Actually does not mean ‘at the present time’. Use currently, at present or at the moment instead. see also present day
  2. 2  [not before noun] present (at something) (of a person) being in a particular place Most fathers wish to be present at the birth of their child. There were 200 people present at the meeting. The mistake was obvious to all those present. I wasn’t present when the doctor examined him. opposite absent
  3. 3  [not before noun] present (in something) (of a thing or a substance) existing in a particular place or thing Levels of pollution present in the atmosphere are increasing. Analysis showed that traces of arsenic were present in the body. opposite absent More Like This Pronunciation changes by part of speech abuse, alternate, advocate, approximate, contract, converse, convict, decrease, delegate, discount, duplicate, estimate, export, extract, graduate, import, intimate, moderate, object, permit, present, protest, record, refund, refuse, subject, suspect, survey, torment, upgradeSee worksheet.
  4. Word Originadjective Middle English: via Old French from Latin praesent- ‘being at hand’, present participle of praeesse, from prae ‘before’ + esse ‘be’.Extra examples Simply to be physically present was all that was required. a list of all club members, past and present the ever present risk of pollution A few brief comments are sufficient for present purposes. The present owner of the house is a Mr T. Grant. We do not have any more information at the present time. We must move cautiously in the present situation. You can’t use it in its present condition.Idioms
    all present and correct(British English)(North American English all present and accounted for)
     
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    used to say that all the things or people who should be there are now there
    present company excepted
     
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    (informal) used after being rude or critical about somebody to say that the people you are talking to are not included in the criticism The people in this office are so narrow-minded, present company excepted, of course.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: present