English

Definition of presumption noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    presumption

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//prɪˈzʌmpʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//prɪˈzʌmpʃn//
     
    Confident
     
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  1. 1[countable] something that is thought to be true or probable There is a general presumption that the doctor knows best.
  2. 2[uncountable] (formal) behaviour that is too confident and shows a lack of respect for other people She was infuriated by his presumption in not consulting her first. See related entries: Confident
  3. 3[uncountable, countable] (law) the act of supposing that something is true, although it has not yet been proved or is not certain Everyone is entitled to the presumption of innocence until they are proved to be guilty.
  4. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French presumpcion, from Latin praesumptio(n) ‘anticipation’, from the verb praesumere ‘anticipate’ (in late Latin ‘take for granted’), from prae ‘before’ + sumere ‘take’.Extra examples The argument is based on certain presumptions about human nature. The presumption of innocence is constitutionally protected. There is a general presumption that fatty foods are bad for your heart. There is a strong presumption against changes in the common law. We must ensure the discussion is not based on false presumptions. a strong presumption of guilt the presumption against changes in the common law Everyone is entitled to the presumption of innocence until they are proved guilty. The general presumption is that the doctor knows best. There is a presumption in favour of your client. There is a strong presumption against the legality of using such weapons. You should examine your own presumptions.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: presumption