English

Definition of prosecution noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    prosecution

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˌprɒsɪˈkjuːʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌprɑːsɪˈkjuːʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1[uncountable, countable] the process of trying to prove in court that somebody is guilty of a crime (= of prosecuting them); the process of being officially charged with a crime in court Prosecution for a first minor offence rarely leads to imprisonment. He threatened to bring a private prosecution against the doctor. Wordfinderaccuse, appeal, counsel, defendant, evidence, justice, offence, plea, prosecution, trial CollocationsCriminal justiceBreaking the law break/​violate/​obey/​uphold the law be investigated/​arrested/​tried for a crime/​a robbery/​fraud be arrested/ (especially North American English) indicted/​convicted on charges of rape/​fraud/(especially US English) felony charges be arrested on suspicion of arson/​robbery/​shoplifting be accused of/​be charged with murder/(especially North American English) homicide/​four counts of fraud face two charges of indecent assault admit your guilt/​liability/​responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/​claims/​charges confess to a crime grant/​be refused/​be released on/​skip/​jump bailThe legal process stand/​await/​bring somebody to/​come to/​be on trial take somebody to/​come to/​settle something out of court face/​avoid/​escape prosecution seek/​retain/​have the right to/​be denied access to legal counsel hold/​conduct/​attend/​adjourn a hearing/​trial sit on/​influence/​persuade/​convince the jury sit/​stand/​appear/​be put/​place somebody in the dock plead guilty/​not guilty to a crime be called to/​enter (British English) the witness box take/​put somebody on the stand/(North American English) the witness stand call/​subpoena/​question/​cross-examine a witness give/​hear the evidence against/​on behalf of somebody raise/​withdraw/​overrule an objection reach a unanimous/​majority verdict return/​deliver/​record a verdict of not guilty/​unlawful killing/​accidental death convict/​acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/​your acquittal lodge/​file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/​uphold/​overturn a conviction/​verdictSentencing and punishment pass sentence on somebody carry/​face/​serve a seven-year/​life sentence receive/​be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/​jail) carry/​impose/​pay a fine (of $3 000)/a penalty (of 14 years imprisonment) be imprisoned/​jailed for drug possession/​fraud/​murder do/​serve time/​ten years be sent to/​put somebody in/​be released from jail/​prison be/​put somebody/​spend X years on death row be granted/​be denied/​break (your) parole
  2. 2the prosecution [singular + singular or plural verb] a person or an organization that prosecutes somebody in court, together with the lawyers, etc. He was a witness for the prosecution. The prosecution has/have failed to prove its/their case. defence and prosecution a prosecution lawyer
  3. 3[uncountable] (formal) the act of making something happen or continue
  4. Word Origin mid 16th cent. (in sense (3)): from Old French, or from late Latin prosecutio(n-), from prosequi ‘pursue, accompany’, from pro- ‘onward’ + sequi ‘follow’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: prosecution

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