Definition of race verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//reɪs//
    ; NAmE NAmE//reɪs//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they race
    BrE BrE//reɪs//
    ; NAmE NAmE//reɪs//
    he / she / it races
    BrE BrE//ˈreɪsɪz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈreɪsɪz//
    past simple raced
    BrE BrE//reɪst//
    ; NAmE NAmE//reɪst//
    past participle raced
    BrE BrE//reɪst//
    ; NAmE NAmE//reɪst//
    -ing form racing
    BrE BrE//ˈreɪsɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈreɪsɪŋ//
    Excitement, Equine sports
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  1. 1  [intransitive, transitive] to compete against somebody/something to see who can go faster or the fastest, do something first, etc.; to take part in a race or races race (against somebody/something) Who will he be racing against in the next round? They raced to a thrilling victory in the relay. She'll be racing for the senior team next year. race somebody/something We raced each other back to the car. race to do something Television companies are racing to be the first to screen his life story.
  2. 2[transitive] race something to make an animal or a vehicle compete in a race to race dogs/horses/pigeons to race motorbikes See related entries: Equine sports
  3. move fast
  4. 3  [intransitive, transitive] to move very fast; to move somebody/something very fast + adv./prep. He raced up the stairs. The days seemed to race past. She raced through the work in no time at all. race somebody/something + adv./prep. The injured man was raced to the hospital. She raced her car through the narrow streets of the town.
  5. of heart/mind/thoughts
  6. 4[intransitive] to function very quickly because you are afraid, excited, etc. My mind raced as I tried to work out what was happening. She took a deep breath to calm her racing pulse. See related entries: Excitement
  7. of engine
  8. 5[intransitive] to run too fast The truck came to rest against a tree, its engine racing.
  9. Word Originverb late Old English, from Old Norse rás ‘current’. It was originally a northern English word with the sense ‘rapid forward movement’, which gave rise to the senses ‘contest of speed’ (early 16th cent.) and ‘channel, path’. The verb dates from the late 15th cent.Extra examples Farms and towns raced by. He raced madly up the stairs. Most of these movies have characters racing against the clock to save the day. She raced frantically to catch the train. Two boys suddenly came racing around the corner. After lunch, they would race down to the beach and dive into the sea. Peter raced ahead to be the first to tell his mother the news. She raced upstairs when she heard him cry out. We all raced back to the camp.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: race