Definition of recalcitrant adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

recalcitrant

 adjective
adjective
BrE BrE//rɪˈkælsɪtrənt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈkælsɪtrənt//
 
(formal)
 
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unwilling to obey rules or follow instructions; difficult to control a recalcitrant child He was like a teacher encouraging a recalcitrant pupil. One option is to threaten recalcitrant ministers with the sack. Word Origin mid 19th cent.: from Latin recalcitrant- ‘kicking out with the heels’, from the verb recalcitrare, based on calx, calc- ‘heel’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: recalcitrant