Definition of rent noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    rent

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//rent//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rent//
     
    see also rend Renting a home
     
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  1. 1  [uncountable, countable] an amount of money that you regularly pay so that you can use a house, etc. How much rent do you pay for this place? The landlord has put the rent up again. a month’s rent in advance a high/low/fair rent (British English) a rent book (= used to record payments of rent) Synonymsratecharge fee rent fine fare toll rentalThese are all words for an amount of money that is charged or paid for something.rate a fixed amount of money that is asked or paid for something:a low hourly rate of pay interest ratescharge an amount of money that is asked for goods or services:an admission chargefee (rather formal) an amount of money that you have to pay for professional advice or services, to go to a school or college, or to join an organization:legal fees an annual membership fee rent an amount of money that you regularly have to pay for use of a building or room. In American English, rent can be used to mean rental:The weekly rent on the car was over $300.fine a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule:a parking finefare the money that you pay to travel by bus, plane, taxi, etc.toll an amount of money that you have to pay to use a particular road or bridge.rental an amount of money that you have to pay to use something for a particular period of time.rent or rental?In British English rent is only money paid to use a building or room: for other items use rental. In American English rent can be used for both, but rental is still more common for other items.Patterns (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fine/​fare/​toll/​rental for something (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​toll/​rental on something at a rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fare/​rental of… for a charge/​fee to pay (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fine/​fare/​toll/​rental to charge (a) rate/​fee/​rent/​fare/​toll/​rental CollocationsMoving house Renting live in a rented/(especially North American English) rental property rent/​share/​move into a furnished house/(British English) flat/(especially North American English) apartment rent a studio/(British English) a studio flat/(especially North American English) a studio apartment/(British English) a bedsit find/​get a housemate/(British English) a flatmate/(North American English) a roommate sign/​break the lease/​rental agreement/​contract extend/​renew/​terminate the lease/(British English) tenancy afford/​pay the rent/​the bills/(North American English) the utilities (especially British English) fall behind with/ (especially North American English) fall behind on the rent pay/​lose/​return a damage deposit/(North American English) security deposit give/​receive a month’s/​two-weeks’ notice to leave/​vacate the propertyBeing a landlord have a flat/​apartment/​room (British English) to let/(especially North American English) for rent rent (out)/lease (out)/ (British English) let (out)/sublet a flat/​apartment/​house/​property collect/​increase/​raise the rent evict the existing tenants attract/​find new/​prospective tenants invest in rental property/(British English) property to let/(British English) the buy-to-let marketBuying buy/​acquire/​purchase a house/(a) property/(especially North American English) (a piece of) prime real estate call/​contact/​use (British English) an estate agent/(North American English) a Realtor™/(North American English) a real estate agent/​broker make/ (British English) put in an offer on a house put down/​save for (British English) a deposit on a house make/​put/​save for (especially North American English) a down payment on a house/​home apply for/​arrange/​take out a mortgage/​home loan (struggle to) pay the mortgage make/​meet/​keep up/​cover the monthly mortgage payments/(British English also) repayments (British English) repossess/ (especially North American English) foreclose on somebody’s home/​houseSelling put your house/​property on the market/​up for sale/​up for auction increase/​lower your price/​the asking price have/​hold/​hand over the deed/(especially British English) deeds of/​to the house, land, etc. compare hire See related entries: Renting a home
  2. 2[uncountable, countable] (especially North American English) = rental (1)
  3. 3[countable] (formal) a torn place in a piece of material or clothing
  4. Word Originnoun senses 1 to 2 Middle English: from Old French rente, from a root shared by render. noun sense 3 mid 16th cent.: from obsolete rent ‘pull to pieces, lacerate’, variant of rend.Extra examples He couldn’t afford the rent by himself. The company has paid out a lot of money in rent. The company receives rent on local property that it owns. The initial rent will be reviewed annually. The landlord came around to collect the month’s rent. The large stores have pushed up the rents in the area. The movement advocated the non-payment of rent and taxes. The new lease will put her rent up to £200 a week. The rent charged depends largely on the size and locality of the flat. The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable. The rent is due on the last day of the quarter. The rent will be fixed at 18% of the market value of the property. The tenants were not prepared to pay the higher rents demanded. Their rent has increased from $25 200 to $28 600 a year. There was a sign saying ‘Room for rent’ They earned rent from their property in London. They get free rent in return for taking care of the house. They took the landlord to court over increasing rent levels. They weren’t paying market rent on the properties. Thousands try to avoid the rent man so they can have more cash to spend. We gave tenants rent books. You put your tenancy at risk if you fall behind with the rent. the rent on a factory to be liable for arrears of rent Rents are rising in the business district. The landlord charged them a month’s rent in advance. They began falling behind in their rent.Idioms  (especially North American English) (especially on printed signs) available to rent See related entries: Renting a home
British/​Americanrent / hire / letVerbs You can hire something for a short period of time , (British English only)) but rent something for a longer period:We can hire bikes for a day to explore the town. We don’t own our TV, we rent it. In North American English, rent is always used. It is sometimes now used in British English instead of hire, too. The owners of a thing can hire it out for a short period:(British English) Do you hire out bikes? Or they can rent (out)/let (out) a building, etc:We rent out rooms in our house to students. Outside a building you could see:(British English) To let (especially North American English) For rent. To hire can also mean to employ somebody, especially in North American English:We hired a new secretary. see also leaseNouns The amount of money that you pay to rent something is rent or rental (more formal). When you hire something you pay a hire charge (British English). On a sign outside a shop you might see:(British English) Bikes for hire. see also let, lease, hire
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: rent