English

Definition of respond verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    respond

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːnd//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they respond
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːnd//
     
    he / she / it responds
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒndz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːndz//
     
    past simple responded
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːndɪd//
     
    past participle responded
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːndɪd//
     
    -ing form responding
    BrE BrE//rɪˈspɒndɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈspɑːndɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  [intransitive, transitive] (rather formal) to give a spoken or written answer to somebody/something synonym reply I asked him his name, but he didn't respond. respond (to somebody/something) (with something) She never responded to my letter. More than fifty people responded to the advertisement. + speech ‘I'm not sure,’ she responded. respond that… When asked about the company's future, the director responded that he remained optimistic. Which Word?answer / replyVerbs Answer and reply are the most common verbs used for speaking or writing as a reaction to a question, letter, etc. Note that you answer a person, question or letter, not answer to them, but you reply to somebody or something:I’m writing to answer your questions I’m writing to reply to your questions. I’m writing to answer to your questions. Answer can be used with or without an object:I haven’t answered her email yet. I knocked on the door but nobody answered. Reply is often used with the actual words spoken:‘I won’t let you down,’ he replied. Respond is less common and more formal:The directors were unwilling to respond to questions. You can only answer a door or a phone. see also rejoin2, retort, get back to somebodyNouns Note the phrases in answer to and in reply to:I’m writing in answer to your letter. see also response, rejoinder, retort
  2. 2  [intransitive] respond (to something) (with something/by doing something) to do something as a reaction to something that somebody has said or done synonym react How did they respond to the news? The government responded by banning all future demonstrations.
  3. 3  [intransitive] respond (to something/somebody) to react quickly or in the correct way to something/somebody The car responds very well to the controls. You can rely on him to respond to a challenge.
  4. 4[intransitive] respond (to something) to improve as a result of a particular kind of treatment The infection did not respond to the drugs.
  5. Word Origin late Middle English (as a noun): from Old French, from respondre ‘to answer’, from Latin respondere, from re- ‘again’ + spondere ‘to pledge’. The verb dates from the mid 16th cent.Extra examples Companies have to respond to the changing economic climate. He responded politely to her questions. He responded with a smile when she spoke. His condition failed to respond to the treatment. She wasn’t sure how he was likely to respond. The demonstrators threw stones and the police responded with tear gas. The government needs to listen to the public and respond accordingly. The government responded by tightening the law on gun ownership. The music seems to respond emotionally to the landscape. The plants readily respond to these stimuli. The system enables teachers to respond flexibly to the needs of their students. The teams responded magnificently to the challenge. The terrorists declared all-out war on the government and the government responded in kind. Their son is responding well to the treatment. We do not have a strategy. We merely respond to ideas from local people. We respond to business problems in creative ways. You can respond via email or phone. ‘I’m not sure,’ she responded. I asked him his name, but he didn’t respond. Members of the public responded immediately to the charity’s appeal for funds. When asked about the company’s future, the director responded that he remained optimistic.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: respond