English

Definition of retain verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    retain

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪn//
     
    (rather formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they retain
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪn//
     
    he / she / it retains
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪnz//
     
    past simple retained
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪnd//
     
    past participle retained
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪnd//
     
    -ing form retaining
    BrE BrE//rɪˈteɪnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈteɪnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  retain something to keep something; to continue to have something synonym preserve to retain your independence He struggled to retain control of the situation. The house retains much of its original charm. She retained her tennis title for the third year.
  2. 2  retain something to continue to hold or contain something a soil that retains moisture This information is no longer retained within the computer's main memory. (figurative) She has a good memory and finds it easy to retain facts.
  3. 3retain somebody/something (law) if a member of the public retains somebody such as a lawyer, he or she pays money regularly or in advance so the lawyer, etc. will do work for him or her a retaining fee to retain the services of a lawyer
  4. see also retention, retentive
    Word Origin late Middle English: via Anglo-Norman French from Old French retenir, from Latin retinere, from re- ‘back’ + tenere ‘hold’.Extra examples He has successfully retained his position as national president of the society. He was allowed to retain his parliamentary seat. Her new music largely retains the distinctiveness of the old. The immigrants have a right to retain their language. The president retained her as his chief adviser. Please retain your ticket stub during the event. Residents of the home are able to retain their independence. She has retained her title for the third year. These plants will need a soil that retains moisture during the summer months. This information is no longer retained within the computer’s main memory. You will be paid a retaining fee. You will need to retain the services of a lawyer.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: retain