- 1[intransitive] (formal) (of a business, government, etc.) to spend less money; to reduce costs The Board of Directors realized the need to retrench in the face of falling demand.
- 2[transitive] retrench somebody (Australian English, New Zealand English, South African English) to tell somebody that they cannot continue working for you CollocationsUnemploymentLosing your job lose your job (British English) become/be made redundant be offered/take voluntary redundancy/early retirement face/be threatened with dismissal/(British English) the sack/(British English) compulsory redundancy dismiss/fire/ (especially British English) sack an employee/a worker/a manager lay off staff/workers/employees (Australian English, New Zealand English, South African English) retrench workers cut/reduce/downsize/slash the workforce (British English) make staff/workers/employees redundantBeing unemployed be unemployed/out of work/out of a job seek/look for work/employment be on/collect/draw/get/receive (both British English) unemployment benefit/jobseeker’s allowance be/go/live/sign (British English, informal) on the dole claim/draw/get (British English, informal) the dole be on/qualify for (North American English) unemployment (compensation) be/go/live/depend (North American English) on welfare collect/receive (North American English) welfare combat/tackle/cut/reduce unemployment See related entries: Unemployment Word Origin late 16th cent. (in the now formal usage): from obsolete French retrencher, variant of retrancher, from re- (expressing reversal) + trancher
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃ//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃ//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they retrench
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃ//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃ//he / she / it retrenches
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃɪz//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃɪz//past simple retrenched
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃt//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃt//past participle retrenched
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃt//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃt//-ing form retrenching
BrE BrE//rɪˈtrentʃɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtrentʃɪŋ//Unemployment