Definition of revolution noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    revolution

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˌrevəˈluːʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌrevəˈluːʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1  [countable, uncountable] an attempt, by a large number of people, to change the government of a country, especially by violent action a socialist revolution the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 to start a revolution a country on the brink of revolution CollocationsPoliticsPower create/​form/​be the leader of a political party gain/​take/​win/​lose/​regain control of Congress start/​spark/​lead/​be on the brink of a revolution be engaged/​locked in an internal power struggle lead/​form a rival/​breakaway faction seize/​take control of the government/​power bring down/​overthrow/​topple the government/​president/​regime abolish/​overthrow/​restore the monarchy establish/​install a military dictatorship/​a stable government be forced/​removed/​driven from office/​power resign/​step down as party leader/​an MP/​president/​prime minister enter/​retire from/​return to political lifePolitical debate spark/​provoke a heated/​hot/​intense/​lively debate engage in/​participate in/​contribute to (the) political/​public debate (on/​over something) get involved in/​feel excluded from the political process launch/​start/​lead/​spearhead a campaign/​movement join/​be linked with the peace/​anti-war/​feminist/​civil rights movement criticize/​speak out against/​challenge/​support the government lobby/​put pressure on the government (to do something) come under fire/​pressure from opposition partiesPolicy call for/​demand/​propose/​push for/​advocate democratic/​political/​land reform(s) formulate/​implement domestic economic policy change/​influence/​shape/​have an impact on government/​economic/​public policy be consistent with/​be in line with/​go against/​be opposed to government policy reform/​restructure/​modernize the tax system privatize/​improve/​deliver/​make cuts in public services invest (heavily) in/​spend something on schools/​education/​public services/(the) infrastructure nationalize the banks/​the oil industry promise/​propose/​deliver/​give ($80 billion in/​significant/​substantial/​massive) tax cuts a/​the budget is approved/ (especially North American English) passed by parliament/​congressMaking laws have a majority in/​have seats in Parliament/​Congress/​the Senate propose/​sponsor a bill/​legislation/​a resolution introduce/​bring in/​draw up/​draft/​adopt/​pass a bill/​a law/​legislation/​measures amend/​repeal an act/​a law/​legislation veto/​vote against/​oppose a bill/​legislation/​a measure/​a proposal/​a resolution get/​require/​be decided by a majority vote see also counter-revolution, revolt
  2. 2  [countable] a great change in conditions, ways of working, beliefs, etc. that affects large numbers of people a cultural/social/scientific, etc. revolution revolution in something A revolution in information technology is taking place. see also Industrial Revolution
  3. 3[countable, uncountable] revolution (around/on something) a complete circular movement around a point, especially of one planet around another the revolution of the earth around the sun see also revolve
  4. 4(informal rev) [countable] a circular movement made by something fixed to a central point, for example in a car engine rotating at 300 revolutions per minute
  5. Word Origin late Middle English: from Old French, or from late Latin revolutio(n-), from revolvere ‘roll back’, from re- ‘back’ (also expressing intensive force) + volvere ‘roll’.Extra examples As the 18th century wore on, an agricultural revolution took place. Doctors have welcomed the fitness revolution. He achieved a virtual revolution in the way music is recorded. How long does it take for the planet Jupiter to make a complete revolution around the sun? Jupiter makes a complete revolution around the sun every 12 years. Marketing has undergone a revolution in recent years. One full revolution of the knob will open the hatch. Some Marxists still believe that socialism will one day triumph through world revolution. The activists were charged with fomenting revolution. The coming of television brought about a revolution in people’s leisure activities. The computer revolution has transformed the workplace. The earth turns through one complete revolution approximately every twenty-four hours. The last decade has seen a revolution in telecommunications. There has been a quiet revolution in the way writing is taught. There has been a revolution going on in farming during the last five years. Thousands of people were killed in the bloody revolution that toppled the government. a revolution against communist rule the failed 1911 revolution the revolution which overthrew the old regime The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The country appears to be on the brink of revolution. The disk rotates at up to 500 revolutions per minute. The revolution of the earth around the sun takes one year. The shooting and killing of thirty people started a revolution. a cultural/​social/​scientific revolution
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: revolution