Definition of rough adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//rʌf//
    ; NAmE NAmE//rʌf//
    (rougher, roughest) House location
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    not smooth
  1. 1  having a surface that is not even or regular rough ground The skin on her hands was hard and rough. Trim rough edges with a sharp knife. opposite smooth
  2. not exact
  3. 2  not exact; not including all details synonym approximate a rough calculation/estimate of the cost I've got a rough idea of where I want to go. There were about 20 people there, at a rough guess. a rough draft of a speech a rough sketch
  4. violent
  5. 3  not gentle or careful; violent This watch is not designed for rough treatment. They complained of rough handling by the guards. rough kids Don't try any rough stuff with me!
  6. 4  where there is a lot of violence or crime the roughest neighbourhood in the city Wordfinderisolated, location, neighbourhood, outskirts, provincial, residential, rough, rural, suburban, urban See related entries: House location
  7. sea
  8. 5  having large and dangerous waves It was too rough to sail that night. We had a rough passage across to the island.
  9. weather
  10. 6wild and with storms
  11. difficult
  12. 7  difficult and unpleasant synonym tough He's had a really rough time recently (= he's had a lot of problems). We'll get someone in to do the rough work (= the hard physical work).
  13. not well
  14. 8(British English) not feeling well You look rough—are you OK? I had a rough night (= I didn't sleep well).
  15. plain/basic
  16. 9  simply made and not finished in every detail; plain or basic rough wooden tables a rough track (British English) rough paper for making notes on
  17. not smooth
  18. 10not smooth or pleasant to taste, listen to, etc. a rough wine/voice
  19. Word OriginOld English rūh, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch ruw and German rauh.Extra examples Her voice was rough with emotion. His voice sounded rough. I’m still feeling a bit rough. It has a slightly rough texture. It’s only a very rough guide. The weather was pretty rough. They’d suffered some fairly rough treatment. Things got a bit rough, and the police were called. We only had his rather rough version of events. You had to stand in the train all night?—That’s a bit rough. ‘I suppose you expect me to apologize for this,’ he said in a rough voice. Don’t try any rough stuff with me. He gave us a rough estimate of how much the work would cost. He’s had a really rough time recently. I made a rough sketch of the inside of the church. I’ve got a rough idea of where I want to go. Life was rough on the streets. She doesn’t like playing with the rough kids. She gave us a rough draft of the speech she’s giving later this month. The car is designed for travelling over rough ground. There were about 20 people there, at a rough guess. There’s no way he could have swum ashore in such rough weather. They set sail in rough conditions. Trim any rough edges with a sharp knife.Idioms
    have a rough/an easy ride, give somebody a rough/an easy ride
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    (informal) to experience/not experience difficulties when you are doing something; to make things difficult/easy for somebody He will be given a rough ride at the party conference.
    the fact of being treated unfairly small parts of something or of a person’s character that are not yet as good as they should be The ballet still had some rough edges. He had a few rough edges knocked off at school.
    the rough end of the pineapple
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    (Australian English, informal) a situation in which somebody is treated badly or unfairly
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: rough