English

Definition of shear verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    shear

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ʃɪə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɪr//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they shear
    BrE BrE//ʃɪə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɪr//
     
    he / she / it shears
    BrE BrE//ʃɪəz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɪrz//
     
    past simple sheared
    BrE BrE//ʃɪəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɪrd//
     
    past participle shorn
    BrE BrE//ʃɔːn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɔːn//
     
    past participle sheared
    BrE BrE//ʃɪəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃɪrd//
     
    -ing form shearing
    BrE BrE//ˈʃɪərɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈʃɪrɪŋ//
     
    Styling hair, Animal farming
     
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  1. 1[transitive] shear something to cut the wool off a sheep It was time for the sheep to be shorn. sheep shearing See related entries: Animal farming
  2. 2[transitive] shear something (formal) to cut off somebody’s hair shorn hair The prisoners’ hair was shorn. See related entries: Styling hair
  3. 3[intransitive, transitive] shear (something) (off) (specialist) (especially of metal) to break under pressure; to cut through something and make it break The bolts holding the wheel in place sheared off.
  4. Word Origin Old English sceran (originally in the sense ‘cut through with a weapon’), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German scheren, from a base meaning ‘divide, shear, shave’. Phrasal Verbsbe shorn of something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: shear