English

Definition of shine verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    shine

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ʃaɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃaɪn//
     
    In sense 2 in North American English shined
    BrE BrE//ʃaɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃaɪnd//
     
    can also be used for the past tense and past participle. In sense 3 shined is used for the past tense and past participle.
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they shine
    BrE BrE//ʃaɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃaɪn//
     
    he / she / it shines
    BrE BrE//ʃaɪnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃaɪnz//
     
    past simple shone
    BrE BrE//ʃɒn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃoʊn//
     
    past participle shone
    BrE BrE//ʃɒn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ʃoʊn//
     
    -ing form shining
    BrE BrE//ˈʃaɪnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈʃaɪnɪŋ//
     
    The sun and the moon
     
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  1. 1  [intransitive] to produce or reflect light; to be bright The sun shone brightly in a cloudless sky. A light was shining in the distance. The dark polished wood shone like glass. (figurative) Her eyes were shining with excitement. Excitement was shining in her eyes. Synonymsshinegleam glow sparkle glisten shimmer glitter twinkle glintThese words all mean to produce or reflect light.shine to produce or reflect light, especially brightly:The sun was shining and the sky was blue.gleam to shine with a clear bright or pale light, especially a reflected light:Moonlight gleamed on the water.glow (often of something hot or warm) to produce a dull steady light:The end of his cigarette glowed red.sparkle to shine brightly with small flashes of light:The diamonds sparkled in the light.glisten (of something wet) to shine:The road glistened wet after the rain.shimmer to shine with a soft light that seems to shake slightly:Everything seemed to shimmer in the heat.glitter to shine brightly with small flashes of reflected light:The ceiling of the cathedral glittered with gold.sparkle or glitter?There is very little difference in meaning between these two words. Glitter can sometimes suggest a lack of depth, but this is more frequent in the figurative use of glitter as a noun:the superficial glitter of show business. Sparkle is also often used to talk about light reflected off a surface, but things that produce light can also sparkle:Stars sparkled in the sky.twinkle to shine with a light that changes rapidly from bright to faint to bright again:Stars twinkled in the sky.glint to give small bright flashes of reflected light:The blade of the knife glinted in the darkness.Patterns to shine/​gleam/​sparkle/​glisten/​shimmer/​glitter/​glint on something to shine/​gleam/​glow/​sparkle/​glisten/​shimmer/​glitter/​twinkle/​glint with something to shine/​gleam/​sparkle/​glisten/​shimmer/​glitter/​glint in the sunlight to shine/​gleam/​glisten/​shimmer/​glitter/​glint in the moonlight the stars shine/​sparkle/​glitter/​twinkle somebody’s eyes shine/​gleam/​glow/​sparkle/​glisten/​glitter/​twinkle/​glint to shine/​gleam/​glow/​glitter brightly to shine/​gleam/​glow/​shimmer softly See related entries: The sun and the moon
  2. 2  ((North American English also)shined, shined) [transitive] shine something (+ adv./prep.) to aim or point the light of a lamp, etc. in a particular direction He shone the flashlight around the cellar. (figurative) Campaigners are shining a spotlight on the world's diminishing natural resources.
  3. 3(shined, shined) [transitive] shine something to polish something; to make something smooth and bright He shined shoes and sold newspapers to make money.
  4. 4[intransitive] to be very good at something He failed to shine academically but he was very good at sports. She has set a shining example of loyal service over four decades.
  5. see also shiny
    Word Origin Old English scīnan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch schijnen and German scheinen.Extra examples A spotlight was shining directly into her eyes. His dark eyes shone with excitement. Love and pride shone from her eyes. She seemed to shine with an inner radiance. Sunlight shone in through the window. The dark wood shone like glass. The light shone on his face. The sun was shining brightly. The watchman shone his torch at us. The water was shining faintly in the moonlight. You’ve really made that floor shine! He waxed the car until it shone. I was woken by a full moon shining on me. The sun was shining and the sky was blue. Their faces shone white in the moonlight. There were tears shining in his eyes. They could see a faint light shining in the distance. a shampoo that’s guaranteed to make your hair shineIdioms
    a knight in shining armour
     
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    (usually humorous) a man who saves somebody, especially a woman, from a dangerous situation She’s still waiting for a knight in shining armour/armor to come and rescue her.
    make hay while the sun shines
     
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    (saying) to make good use of opportunities, good conditions, etc. while they last
    (old-fashioned) usually used in orders to tell somebody to get out of bed and be active
    Phrasal Verbsshine through (something)
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: shine