Definition of shortage noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

shortage

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//ˈʃɔːtɪdʒ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈʃɔːrtɪdʒ//
 
[countable, uncountable]
 
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a situation when there is not enough of the people or things that are needed food/housing/water shortages a shortage of funds There is no shortage of (= there are plenty of) things to do in the town.Extra examples Industry is facing a serious labour shortage. Lives are being put at risk because of staff shortages. The energy shortages were exacerbated by the severe winter. The recent heavy rains have helped to ease the water shortage. Their economy continued to suffer shortages in raw materials. a desperate shortage of food a looming housing shortage in the city a shortage of organ donors the current acute shortage of teachers the world shortage of coffee There is no shortage of things to do in the town.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: shortage