Definition of specimen noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈspesɪmən//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈspesɪmən//
    Cell biology
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  1. 1a small amount of something that shows what the rest of it is like synonym sample Astronauts have brought back specimens of rock from the moon. Can you give me a specimen of your handwriting? CollocationsScientific researchTheory formulate/​advance a theory/​hypothesis build/​construct/​create/​develop a simple/​theoretical/​mathematical model develop/​establish/​provide/​use a theoretical/​conceptual framework advance/​argue/​develop the thesis that… explore an idea/​a concept/​a hypothesis make a prediction/​an inference base a prediction/​your calculations on something investigate/​evaluate/​accept/​challenge/​reject a theory/​hypothesis/​modelExperiment design an experiment/​a questionnaire/​a study/​a test do research/​an experiment/​an analysis make observations/​measurements/​calculations carry out/​conduct/​perform an experiment/​a test/​a longitudinal study/​observations/​clinical trials run an experiment/​a simulation/​clinical trials repeat an experiment/​a test/​an analysis replicate a study/​the results/​the findings observe/​study/​examine/​investigate/​assess a pattern/​a process/​a behaviour/(especially US English) a behavior fund/​support the research/​project/​study seek/​provide/​get/​secure funding for researchResults collect/​gather/​extract data/​information yield data/​evidence/​similar findings/​the same results analyse/​examine the data/​soil samples/​a specimen consider/​compare/​interpret the results/​findings fit the data/​model confirm/​support/​verify a prediction/​a hypothesis/​the results/​the findings prove a conjecture/​hypothesis/​theorem draw/​make/​reach the same conclusions read/​review the records/​literature describe/​report an experiment/​a study present/​publish/​summarize the results/​findings present/​publish/​read/​review/​cite a paper in a scientific journal
  2. 2a single example of something, especially an animal or a plant The aquarium has some interesting specimens of unusual tropical fish. Redwood trees can live for a long time; one specimen is 4 000 years old. (humorous) They were fine specimens of British youth! Synonymsexamplecase instance specimen illustrationThese are all words for a thing or situation that is typical of a particular group or set, and is sometimes used to support an argument.example something such as an object, a fact or a situation that shows, explains or supports what you say; a thing that is typical of or represents a particular group or set:Can you give me an example of what you mean?case a particular situation or a situation of a particular type; a situation that relates to a particular person or thing:In some cases people have had to wait several weeks for an appointment.instance (rather formal) a particular situation or a situation of a particular type:The report highlights a number of instances of injustice.specimen an example of something, especially an animal or plant:The aquarium has some interesting specimens of unusual tropical fish.illustration (rather formal) a story, an event or an example that clearly shows the truth about something:The statistics are a clear illustration of the point I am trying to make.example or illustration? An illustration is often used to show that something is true. An example is used to help to explain something.Patterns a(n) example/​case/​instance/​specimen/​illustration of something in a particular case/​instance for example/​instance See related entries: Cell biology
  3. 3a small quantity of blood, urine, etc. that is taken from somebody and tested by a doctor to provide/take a specimen
  4. Word Originearly 17th cent. (in the sense ‘pattern, model’): from Latin, from specere ‘to look’.Extra examples The motorist may be required to give a urine specimen. This is a fine specimen of a walnut tree. a specimen of blood specimen exam papers well-preserved specimens of Homo erectus
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: specimen

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