- 1[transitive] sponge somebody/yourself/something (down) to wash somebody/yourself/something with a wet cloth or sponge synonym wipe She sponged his hot face. Take your jacket off and I'll sponge it down with water.
- 2[transitive] sponge something + adv./prep. to remove something using a wet cloth or sponge synonym wash We tried to sponge the blood off my shirt.
- 3[intransitive] sponge (off/on somebody) (informal, disapproving) to get money, food, etc. regularly from other people without doing anything for them or offering to pay synonym scrounge He spent his life sponging off his relatives. Word Origin Old English (in sense 1 of the noun), via Latin from Greek spongia, later form of spongos, reinforced in Middle English by Old French esponge.
BrE BrE//spʌndʒ//; NAmE NAmE//spʌndʒ//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they sponge
BrE BrE//spʌndʒ//; NAmE NAmE//spʌndʒ//he / she / it sponges
BrE BrE//ˈspʌndʒɪz//; NAmE NAmE//ˈspʌndʒɪz//past simple sponged
BrE BrE//spʌndʒd//; NAmE NAmE//spʌndʒd//past participle sponged
BrE BrE//spʌndʒd//; NAmE NAmE//spʌndʒd//-ing form sponging
BrE BrE//ˈspʌndʒɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//ˈspʌndʒɪŋ//