Definition of sterilization noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    sterilization

     noun
    (British English also -isation)noun
    BrE BrE//ˌsterəlaɪˈzeɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌsterələˈzeɪʃn//
     
    [uncountable, countable]
     
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  1. 1the act of killing the bacteria in or on something Adequate sterilization of medical and surgical instruments is essential.
  2. 2the act of making a person or an animal unable to have babies, especially by removing or blocking their sex organs the sterilization of stray dogs and cats