Definition of stop verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//stɒp//
    ; NAmE NAmE//stɑːp//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they stop
    BrE BrE//stɒp//
    ; NAmE NAmE//stɑːp//
    he / she / it stops
    BrE BrE//stɒps//
    ; NAmE NAmE//stɑːps//
    past simple stopped
    BrE BrE//stɒpt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//stɑːpt//
    past participle stopped
    BrE BrE//stɒpt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//stɑːpt//
    -ing form stopping
    BrE BrE//ˈstɒpɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstɑːpɪŋ//
    jump to other results
    not move
  1. 1  [intransitive, transitive] to no longer move; to make somebody/something no longer move The car stopped at the traffic lights. Ann stopped in front of the house. This train doesn’t stop at Oxford. We stopped for the night in Port Augusta. stop somebody/something He was stopped by the police for speeding. See related entries: Driving
  2. not continue
  3. 2  [intransitive, transitive] to no longer continue to do something; to make somebody/something no longer do something stop (doing something) That phone never stops ringing! Please stop crying and tell me what's wrong. She criticizes everyone and the trouble is, she doesn't know when to stop. Can't you just stop? stop somebody/something Stop me (= make me stop talking) if I'm boring you. Stop it!You're hurting me. stop what… Mike immediately stopped what he was doing. Notice the difference between stop doing something and stop to do somethingWe stopped taking pictures means ‘We were no longer taking pictures.’;We stopped to take pictures means ‘We stopped what we were doing so that we could start taking pictures.’ Express YourselfInterruptingYou may need to say something when somebody else is speaking, or you may be chairing a discussion where you have to stop one person talking too much. If you start talking at the same time as someone else, this will seem rude. To interrupt politely, you can say, for example: Sorry to interrupt, but I have to disagree with that. Could I just say something here? If I could, let me stop you there for a moment and go back to your previous point. Actually, we seem to have strayed a bit from the topic. Can we go back to the first point? Just a moment, Sue. Can we hear what Jack has to say on this? May I interrupt you there? I don't think that's true. (formal) I’m sorry, but we’re running short on time. Can you please summarize very quickly so we can finish up? (formal) I appreciate your enthusiasm on this topic, but I’m afraid we have a couple more people to hear from. (formal) Could you two please discuss that issue privately after the meeting? We have several more items to cover and need to move on at this point. (formal) I’m sorry, I really have to stop you there. We've run out of time. (formal) Let’s save that conversation for another time.
  4. end
  5. 3  [intransitive, transitive] to end or finish; to make something end or finish When is this fighting going to stop? The bus service stops at midnight. stop doing something Has it stopped raining yet? stop something Doctors couldn't stop the bleeding. The referee was forced to stop the game because of heavy snow.
  6. prevent
  7. 4  [transitive] to prevent somebody from doing something; to prevent something from happening stop somebody/something I want to go and you can't stop me. We need more laws to stop pollution. There's no stopping us now (= nothing can prevent us from achieving what we want to achieve). stop somebody/something from doing something There's nothing to stop you from accepting the offer. You can't stop people from saying what they think. stop somebody/something doing something You can't stop people saying what they think.
  8. for short time
  9. 5  [intransitive] to end an activity for a short time in order to do something stop for something I'm hungry. Let's stop for lunch. stop to do something We stopped to admire the scenery. People just don't stop to think about the consequences. In spoken English, stop can be used with and plus another verb, instead of with to and the infinitive, to show purposeHe stopped and bought some flowers.Let's stop and look at the map.
  10. not function
  11. 6  [intransitive, transitive] to no longer work or function; to make something no longer work or function Why has the engine stopped? What time is it? My watch has stopped. I felt as if my heart had stopped. stop something I stopped the tape and pressed rewind. Can you stop the printer once it’s started?
  12. stay
  13. 7[intransitive] (British English, informal) to stay somewhere for a short time, especially at somebody’s house I'm not stopping. I just came to give you this message. stop for something Can you stop for tea?
  14. money
  15. 8[transitive] to prevent money from being paid stop something to stop a cheque (= tell the bank not to pay it) stop something from something (British English) Dad threatened to stop £1 a week from our pocket money if we didn't clean our rooms.
  16. close hole
  17. 9[transitive] stop something (up) (with something) to block, fill or close a hole, an opening, etc. Stop up the other end of the tube, will you? I stopped my ears but still heard her cry out.
  18. Word OriginOld English (for)stoppian ‘block up (an aperture)’, of West Germanic origin; related to German stopfen, from late Latin stuppare ‘to stuff’.Extra examples He couldn’t stop thinking about her. He never knows when to stop. He’s dangerous and needs to be stopped. I was enjoying myself so much I didn’t want to stop. Suddenly he stopped dead: what was he doing? The question stopped Alice dead in her tracks. The sobs came less frequently, then stopped altogether. They tried to stop me from leaving. We need to stop making excuses. When is the violence going to stop? After three weeks we had stopped expecting to hear any news. Can’t you just stop? Doctors couldn’t stop the bleeding. I want to go and you can’t stop me. I’m not stopping. I just came to give you this message. Measures must be taken to stop the spread of the virus. Please stop crying and tell me what’s wrong. She criticizes everyone and the trouble is, she doesn’t know when to stop. Stop it! You’re hurting me. Stop me if I’m boring you. Stop up the other end of the hose, will you? Suddenly he stopped dead in his tracks : what was he doing? The activists failed to stop the tests from going ahead. The buses stop outside the school. There’s nothing to stop you from accepting the offer. This train doesn’t stop at Royston. This violence has got to be stopped. We stopped taking pictures. We stopped to take pictures. You can’t stop people from saying what they think.Idioms to be willing to do anything to get what you want, even if it is dishonest or wrong She’ll stop at nothing to make money. to stop measuring time in a game or an activity that has a time limit
    stop/halt somebody in their tracks, stop/halt/freeze in your tracks
    jump to other results
    to suddenly make somebody stop by frightening or surprising them; to suddenly stop because something has frightened or surprised you The question stopped Alice in her tracks. See related entries: Surprise
    stop short, stop somebody short
    jump to other results
    to suddenly stop, or make somebody suddenly stop, doing something He stopped short when he heard his name. ‘I’m pregnant,’ she said. That stopped him short.
    stop short of something/of doing something
    jump to other results
    to be unwilling to do something because it may involve a risk, but to nearly do it She stopped short of calling the president a liar. The protest stopped short of a violent confrontation.
    Phrasal Verbsstop by (something)stop instop offstop outstop overstop up
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: stop