English

Definition of study verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    study

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdi//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdi//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they study
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdi//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdi//
     
    he / she / it studies
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdiz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdiz//
     
    past simple studied
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdid//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdid//
     
    past participle studied
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdid//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdid//
     
    -ing form studying
    BrE BrE//ˈstʌdiɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈstʌdiɪŋ//
     
    Teaching and learning, Experiments and research
     
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    learn
  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] study (for something) to spend time learning about a subject by reading, going to college, etc. study (something) How long have you been studying English? Don't disturb Jane, she's studying for her exams. study (something) at… My brother studied at the Royal College of Art. study (something) under… a composer who studied under Nadia Boulanger (= was taught by Nadia Boulanger) study to do/be something Nina is studying to be an architect. CollocationsEducationLearning acquire/​get/​lack (an) education/​training/(British English) (some) qualifications receive/​provide somebody with training/​tuition develop/​design/​plan a curriculum/(especially British English) course/(North American English) program/​syllabus give/​go to/​attend a class/​lesson/​lecture/​seminar hold/​run/​conduct a class/​seminar/​workshop sign up for/​take a course/​classes/​lessonsSchool go to/​start preschool/​kindergarten/​nursery school be in the first, second, etc. (North American English) grade/(especially British English) year (at school) study/​take/​drop history/​chemistry/​German, etc. (British English) leave/​finish/​drop out of/ (North American English) quit school (North American English) graduate high school/​collegeProblems at school be the victim/​target of bullying (British English) play truant from/ (both British English, informal) bunk off/​skive off school (= not go to school when you should) (both especially North American English) skip/​cut class/​school (British English) cheat in/(North American English) cheat on an exam/​a test get/​be given a detention (for doing something) be expelled from/​be suspended from schoolWork and exams do your homework/(British English) revision/​a project on something work on/​write/​do/​submit an essay/​a dissertation/​a thesis/​an assignment/(North American English) a paper finish/​complete your dissertation/​thesis/​studies/​coursework hand in/ (North American English) turn in your homework/​essay/​assignment/​paper study/​prepare/ (British English) revise/ (North American English) review/ (North American English, informal) cram for a test/​an exam take/ (both British English) do/​sit a test/​an exam (especially British English) mark/ (especially North American English) grade homework/​a test (British English) do well in/ (North American English) do well on/ (informal, especially North American English) ace a test/​an exam pass/​fail/ (informal, especially North American English) flunk a test/​an exam/​a class/​a course/​a subjectUniversity apply to/​get into/​go to/​start college/(British English) university leave/​graduate from law school/​college/(British English) university (with a degree in computer science) study for/​take/ (British English) do/​complete a law degree/​a degree in physics (both North American English) major/​minor in biology/​philosophy earn/​receive/​be awarded/​get/​have/​hold a master’s degree/​a bachelor’s degree/​a PhD in economics See related entries: Teaching and learning
  2. examine carefully
  3. 2  [transitive] study something to watch or to look at somebody/something carefully in order to find out something Scientists are studying photographs of the planet for signs of life. He studied her face thoughtfully. Fran was studying the menu. See related entries: Experiments and research
  4. 3  [transitive] to examine something carefully in order to understand it study something We will study the report carefully before making a decision. study how, what, etc… The group will study how the region coped with the loss of thousands of jobs. Synonymsexamineanalyse review study discussThese words all mean to think about, study or describe somebody/​something carefully, especially in order to understand them, form an opinion of them or make a decision about them.examine to think about, study or describe an idea, subject or piece of work very carefully:These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10.analyse/​analyze to examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it:The job involves gathering and analysing data. He tried to analyse his feelings.review to examine something again, especially so that you can decide if it is necessary to make changes:The government will review the situation later in the year.study to examine somebody/​something in order to understand them or it:We will study the report carefully before making a decision.examine or study?You examine something in order to understand it or to help other people understand it, for example by describing it in a book; you study something in order to understand it yourself.discuss to write or talk about something in detail, showing the different ideas and opinions about it:This topic will be discussed at greater length in the next chapter.Patterns to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss what/​how/​whether… to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss the situation/​evidence to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss something carefully/​critically/​systematically/​briefly
  5. Word Origin Middle English: shortening of Old French estudie (noun), estudier (verb), both based on Latin studium ‘zeal, painstaking application’.Extra examples He studied her thoughtfully, then smiled. He studied under Professor Sager. In the third year a number of areas are studied in detail. She is studying hard for her A levels. She picked up the letter and studied it carefully. The influence of heredity is best studied in genetically identical twins. This area has not been well studied. to study at college As a young composer he studied under Nadia Boulanger. Did you ever study any sciences? He sat up very late that night, studying. I had a place to study engineering at Leeds. I have two tests tomorrow, and I’ve barely had time to study. I was up late studying for my biology final. Michael studied at Sussex University. She’s studying hard at the moment. She’s studying to be an architect. There’s nowhere for the students to study quietly.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: study