- 1summon somebody (to do something) (formal) to order somebody to appear in court synonym summons He was summoned to appear before the magistrates.
- 2summon somebody (to something) | summon somebody to do something (formal) to order somebody to come to you In May 1688 he was urgently summoned to London. She summoned the waiter. He was summoned before the board of directors.
- 3summon something (formal) to arrange an official meeting synonym convene to summon a meeting
- 4summon something (formal) to call for or try to obtain something to summon assistance/help/reinforcements
- 5summon something (up) to make an effort to produce a particular quality in yourself, especially when you find it difficult synonym muster She was trying to summon up the courage to leave him. I couldn't even summon the energy to get out of bed. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French somondre, from Latin summonere
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmən//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmən//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they summon
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmən//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmən//he / she / it summons
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənz//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənz//past simple summoned
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənd//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənd//past participle summoned
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənd//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənd//-ing form summoning
BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənɪŋ//