Definition of surety noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    surety

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈʃʊərəti//
     
    , BrE//ˈʃɔːrəti//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈʃʊrəti//
     
    [countable, uncountable](pl. sureties)(law)
     
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  1. 1money given as a promise that you will pay a debt, appear in court, etc. She was granted bail with a surety of $500. They have offered a large amount of money as surety.
  2. 2a person who accepts responsibility if somebody else does not pay a debt, appear in court, etc. to act as surety for somebody She has promised to stand surety for £5 000.
  3. Word Origin Middle English (in the sense ‘something given to support an undertaking that someone will fulfil an obligation’): from Old French surte, from Latin securitas, from securus ‘free from care’, from se- ‘without’ + cura ‘care’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surety