Definition of surgery noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈsɜːdʒəri//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrdʒəri//
    (pl. surgeries) Hospitals, Operations, Conventional medicine
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  1. 1[uncountable] medical treatment of injuries or diseases that involves cutting open a person’s body and often removing or replacing some parts; the branch of medicine connected with this treatment major/minor surgery to undergo heart surgery He will require surgery on his left knee. In American English the countable form can be usedShe had three surgeries over ten days. Wordfinderamputate, anaesthetic, graft, operation, procedure, scalpel, scrubs, stitch, surgery, transplant CollocationsIllnessesBecoming ill catch a cold/​an infectious disease/​the flu/(British English) flu/​pneumonia/​a virus/(informal) a bug get (British English) ill/(North American English) sick/​a disease/​AIDS/​breast cancer/​a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine come down with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu contract a deadly disease/​a serious illness/​HIV/​AIDS be infected with a virus/​a parasite/​HIV develop cancer/​diabetes/​a rash/​an ulcer/​symptoms of hepatitis have a heart attack/​a stroke provoke/​trigger/​produce an allergic reaction block/​burst/​rupture a blood vessel damage/​sever a nerve/​an artery/​a tendonBeing ill feel (British English) ill/​sick/​nauseous/​queasy be running (British English) a temperature/(North American English) a fever have a head cold/​diabetes/​heart disease/​lung cancer/​a headache/(British English) a high temperature/(North American English) a fever suffer from asthma/​malnutrition/​frequent headaches/​bouts of depression/​a mental disorder be laid up with/ (British English) be in bed with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine nurse a cold/​a headache/​a hangover battle/​fight cancer/​depression/​addiction/​alcoholismTreatments examine a patient diagnose a condition/​disease/​disorder be diagnosed with cancer/​diabetes/​schizophrenia prescribe/​be given/​be on/​take drugs/​medicine/​medication/​pills/​painkillers/​antibiotics treat somebody for cancer/​depression/​shock have/​undergo an examination/​an operation/​surgery/​a kidney transplant/​therapy/​chemotherapy/​treatment for cancer have/​be given an injection/(British English) a flu jab/(North American English) a flu shot/​a blood transfusion/​a scan/​an X-ray cure a disease/​an ailment/​cancer/​a headache/​a patient prevent the spread of disease/​further outbreaks/​damage to the lungs be vaccinated against the flu/(British English) flu/​the measles/(British English) measles/​polio/​smallpox enhance/​boost/​confer/​build immunity to a disease see also open-heart surgery, plastic surgery See related entries: Hospitals, Operations, Conventional medicine
  2. 2[uncountable, countable] (British English) the time during which a doctor, dentist or vet is available to see patients morning/afternoon/evening surgery surgery hours Is there a surgery this evening?
  3. 3 [countable] (British English) (North American English office) a place where a doctor, dentist or vet sees patients a doctor’s/dentist’s surgery
  4. 4[countable] (British English) a time when people can meet their Member of Parliament to ask questions and get help a constituency surgery
  5. Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French surgerie, contraction of serurgerie, from serurgien, based on Latin chirurgia, from Greek kheirourgia ‘handiwork, surgery’, from kheir ‘hand’ + ergon ‘work’.Extra examples Dr Smith isn’t in the surgery today. He has been performing heart surgery for ten years. He holds surgery from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. I’ll do morning surgery, if you like. I’ll have to go to the surgery to pick up the prescription. One of his specialities is minimally invasive surgery. She felt weak for six months after undergoing major abdominal surgery. She had minor surgery on her knee. She has a morning surgery. They discussed whether patients should have to pay for all elective surgery. We only have a morning surgery. a left-handed hitter coming off elbow surgery emergency surgery for a twisted gut patients recovering from hip replacement surgery those attending the doctor’s surgery with physical symptoms to undergo coronary bypass surgery He will need heart bypass surgery. I phoned the dentist’s surgery and made an appointment for 2.30. Major surgery is rarely necessary for this condition. My brother went on to study surgery. She will require surgery on her left knee. The doctor had to perform emergency surgery to the patient’s head. The president is to undergo minor surgery to remove a small growth from his hand.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surgery