Definition of surplus noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    surplus

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈsɜːpləs//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrpləs//
     
    [countable, uncountable]
     
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  1. 1an amount that is extra or more than you need food surpluses Wheat was in surplus that year.
  2. 2the amount by which the amount of money received is greater than the amount of money spent a trade surplus of £400 million The balance of payments was in surplus last year (= the value of exports was greater than the value of imports). CollocationsInternational relationsTrade facilitate/​regulate trade (with other countries) form/​join a trading bloc live in/​compete in a global/​the world economy support/​promote free trade adopt/​call for/​oppose protectionist measures erect/​impose/​reduce/​remove trade barriers impose/​lift/​raise/​eliminate import tariffs (on something) have/​run a huge/​large/​growing trade surplus/​deficit embrace/​resist/​drive globalizationPolitics and law conduct/​handle/​talk about/​discuss foreign policy pursue an aggressive/​a hawkish foreign policy require/​use/​conduct diplomacy establish/​break off/​sever/​restore diplomatic relations foster/​promote/​strengthen regional cooperation facilitate/​achieve economic/​political integration exercise/​defend/​protect/​transfer/​restore/​regain national/​state/​full/​limited sovereignty consolidate/​extend/​lose/​retain your power (in the region) hold/​maintain/​change/​alter/​shift/​be a shift in the balance of power (in the region) cause/​create/​open/​expose/​heal/​repair a deep/​growing/​major/​serious rift between X and YMeetings and agreements have/​hold/​host/​attend an international conference/​an economic forum/​a G20 summit launch a new round of global/​multilateral/​world trade negotiations send/​head/​lead/​meet a high-level/​an official/​a trade delegation begin/​start/​continue/​resume peace talks be committed to/​be opposed to/​disrupt/​undermine/​derail/​sabotage the peace process negotiate/​achieve a lasting political settlement broker/​sign a peace deal/​agreement/​treatyConflict be/​constitute/​pose a threat to global security compromise/​endanger/​protect national security justify/​be in favour of/ (especially US English) be in favor of/​be against military intervention threaten/​authorize/​launch/​take/​support/​oppose unilateral/​pre-emptive military action impose/​enforce/​lift/​end economic sanctions/​an arms embargo/​a naval blockade close/​protect/​secure/​patrol the border lead/​be involved in a peacekeeping operationAid negotiate/​announce a $15 billion aid package/​an economic stimulus package send/​provide/​request/​cut off military aid bring/​provide emergency/​humanitarian relief deliver/​distribute medical supplies/(British English) food parcels fund/​run a foreign/​a local/​an international NGO reduce/​eradicate child/​global/​world poverty compare deficit
  3. Word Origin late Middle English: from Old French sourplus, from medieval Latin superplus, from super- ‘in addition’ + plus ‘more’.Extra examples Japan runs a large current-account surplus. The pension fund is in surplus. a large grain surplus a projected surplus of $5.6 trillion over ten years After meeting domestic needs any surplus will be exported. Agricultural surpluses lead to the disposal of thousands of tonnes of food every year Britain at that time enjoyed a trade surplus of £400 million. The balance of payments was in surplus last year. This surplus of food led to an unusual increase in the bird population.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surplus