Definition of survival noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//səˈvaɪvl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//sərˈvaɪvl//
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  1. 1[uncountable] the state of continuing to live or exist, often despite difficulty or danger the struggle/battle/fight for survival His only chance of survival was a heart transplant. Exporting is necessary for our economic survival. Continued trade in these products is a threat to the survival of the species.
  2. 2[countable] survival (from something) something that has continued to exist from an earlier time synonym relic The ceremony is a survival from pre-Christian times.
  3. Extra examples Chemotherapy can prolong survival in cancer patients. Darwin’s theory of the survival of the fittest Doctors gave him only a 50% chance of survival. For the poorest people, life was merely a matter of survival. He lacked the common instinct for survival. Her chances of survival are poor. Here, life is a battle for survival. In rare cases, a mutation confers a survival advantage to the organism. Survival of the fittest means that only those who make the company a lot of money keep their jobs. The arrival of this South American predator threatened the survival of native species. The campaign will hopefully ensure the survival of the tiger. The expedition members carried flares in their survival kit. The main threat to the survival of these creatures comes from their loss of habitat. The study showed improved survival of patients using the drug. They are working to ensure the continued survival of this species. fighting for the sheer survival of the museum his survival as leader the chance survival of the king’s letters to his mistress the struggle for survival against such well-armed enemies His only chance of survival was to make his own way down the mountainside. Hundreds of foreign fighters poured in to help the young republic in its struggle for survival. Rhino poaching is now threatening the survival of the species.Idioms
    the survival of the fittest
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    the principle that only the people or things that are best adapted to their surroundings will continue to exist See related entries: Cell biology