a prize that is given each autumn for the best novel by a citizen of the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland published that year. New judges are chosen each year and include famous critics, writers and academics. The prize was first given by Booker, a large food company, in 1968. Since 2002 the Man Group has provided the money for the prize, which is £50 000. Since 2005, a second Man Booker Prize has been awarded every two years to a writer from any country in the world whose books are available in English and are considered to have made an important contribution to literature.